Mannerism In Florence And Rome Essay

3161 words - 13 pages

Mannerism in Florence and Rome


- considered to be more self- consciously "artificial"
- derived from aspects of Raphael and Michelangelo
- cold formalism was considered to be inner vision
Rosso
- (1494-1540), Italian painter, whose early works helped define Italian mannerism
- later was a founder of French mannerism
- was born Giovanni Battista di Jacopo di Guasparre in Florence
- early work had odd perspectives, violent colors, and harsh lighting
- 1523 Rosso moved to Rome, where he was influenced by Italian artist Michelangelo and Italian mannerist painter Parmigianino
- work then acquired new beauty and expressed more tempered emotions
Pontormo
- (1494-1557), Italian painter, whose style is marked by elongated forms, heightened emotion, and tension between figures and space
- Born in Pontormo, he worked chiefly in Florence
- initially assisted Florentine painter Andrea del Sarto and later did much work for the ruling Medici family.
Parmigianino
- (1503-1540), Italian painter and etcher, whose work is among the most graceful and elegant of the school of mannerism
- born Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, or Mazzuoli, in Parma
- influenced by Italian painter Correggio and Roman painter Raphael
Self Portrait
- looked through a mirror as done before in previous times
- used leonardo's type of sfumato
- hand is much bigger than reality of it
Bronzino
- (1503-1572), Italian painter, the outstanding artist of the Tuscan High Mannerist style
- produced portraits and religious pictures
- style is cold, refined, aristocratic, and technically brilliant in its rendering of surface details and colors
- display the typical mannerist characteristics of elongated forms and crowded, angular compositions
Eleanora of Toleda and her Son Giovanni De'Medici
- sitter appears as a member of social outcast
- not as much as unique personality or individualistic
- lavishly ornate costume
Anguissola
- (1527-1625), Italian painter, who specialized in portraits and was an important role model for other female Italian artists
- Born in Cremona, Anguissola was the eldest and best known of six sisters, all of whom were artists
- early works were mostly self-portraits and portraits of her family
Portrait of the Artists Sister Minerva
- said that her best work was of relatives
- intimate, charming portraits
Mannerism in Venice
Tintoretto
- (1518-1594), Venetian painter, one of the foremost artists of the late 16th century
- studied briefly with Venetian master Titian and also studied the works of Florentine mannerist painters Michelangelo and Jacopo Sansovino
- incorporated these artists' different techniques, with striking results, in his paintings of the 1540s
- spatial illusions, and intense colors to create an impression of action
- later intensified his style, with techniques such as contrasts of brilliant light and cavernous dark that made color relatively insignificant, eccentric viewpoints, and extreme...

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