This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Mao & Gandhi: Western Thought In An Eastern World

1975 words - 8 pages

For thousands of years, Asia led the world in technology and thought. Millions throughout those years followed the teachings of the Vedic religion, Buddhist thought, or Confucian philosophy. These societies solidified their power in the early centuries of anno domini and even boasted of self sufficient power as late as the fifteenth century. To the West however, grew nations with a different heritage of thought that soon infiltrated the Eastern world. Though their influence seemed minor in such a developed world, by the twentieth century political relations and western philosophy became a part of Asia’s reality. In the writings of two influential thinkers in modern Asia, Mao Zedong and Mahatma Gandhi, western thought’s existence is clear. Specific western philosophy helped define and further both Mao’s and Gandhi’s beliefs, such perceptiveness to these strains of thought can be found deeply rooted in China’s and India’s history.
Qing China was a place of dynamic success and power. Beginning in 1644, the dynasty began as others had, with foreign control. But non-Chinese rule did not impede the country’s success. The Qing Emperors quickly began expanding territory. By Qianlong’s rule, just short of a hundred years into Qing reign, China boasted the greatest amount of territory and surplus the country had seen before. Their tax system was so efficient that on occasion taxes were canceled across the kingdom because of surplus goods. Soon, China showed massive population growth. In 1600, forty four years before Qing control, China held a population of 160 million souls. By 1700 the population remained at the 160 mark, but within 50 years the population soared to 225 million. Even in the face of massive population increase, Qing utilized advancements in food and production ability in order to support the booming birth rates. European influence began as an outlet to sell their products, they themselves needed very little from outside help. Qing China had decades of success, but slowly Europe and other Asian countries caught up and surpassed the abilities of China. Internal tensions, two Opium Wars and the Boxer Rebellion left China’s strength dwindling and the West more effective than ever. Emperor Guangxu, asserting his power against his regent mother, echoed the cry to westernize. His vision was apprehended by his mother. Qing China fell in October of 1911, a powerful kingdom drained by a changing world. A new government under Dr. Sun Yatsen, called Guamundang, was formed, though trouble for China still loomed.
“The history of modern China is a history of imperialist aggression.” When Mao wrote two of his most famous texts, “Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan” and “New Democracy,” Mao spoke with all of China’s history behind him, but especially the history and fall of the Qing Dynasty. Mao, Ch’en, Li were at the forefront of the communist party in China. They, in the time of chaos after Qing’s...

Find Another Essay On Mao & Gandhi: Western Thought in an Eastern World

Discuss key developments in western thought by looking at western philosophical trends

2062 words - 8 pages ( This was a vital turning point in Greek thought and affected how we attempt to explain ourselves today.Another famous philosopher, Pythagoras (ca. 580-500 BC) created a dual view of man. This view opposed the previous Greek philosophers who viewed the world as having only one reality. He postulated that there are two worlds, namely a physical one and an abstract one. He stated the mind and body are separate and that the human being has an

Contemporary Western Critique in Third World Cinema

2269 words - 9 pages through the white western frameworks that they brought with them and did not really see what was in front of them (Kaplan, 59, original emphasis). Much less commonly found, however, are examples of similar types of studies done on Western cultures by Third World peoples, what indeed could have been described as a “reversed gaze.” An exception is nevertheless found in the book Europe Observed: Multiple Gazes in Early Modern Encounters. Here, in looking

Western Feminism is Promoting Colonialism in the Third World

1678 words - 7 pages Chandra Mohanty argues in her essay “Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses” that many Western feminists write about women in the Third World as if they were a homogenous mass. She argues in her essay that the Western feminists need to see the variety among women in the Third World. While at times she falls into the same generalization trap that she accuses the Western women of making, she ultimately proves that the

Islamic interest-free banking:is it feasible in the Western world?

2104 words - 8 pages , there are. Islamic interest-free banking can be a success and might prove even more beneficial to the financial institutions and the economy of the Western world than the current system of interest-based banking.Islamic interest-free Banking has been very successful especially around the middle-eastern countries in terms of monetary growth as well as the number of Islamic financial institutions that are currently functional around the globe

Post World War II: The Marshall Plan in Western Europe

1142 words - 5 pages overseas through the Marshall Plan, and at the Doboelman soap factory in Holland, workers were taught how to cut processing time from five days to two hours with new machinery.  The Marshall Plan led to the creation of the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation, an organization that would later oversee the economic issues and the distribution of Marshall Aid in Europe. The Marshall Plan provided a basis for Western European relations that

Plato's Involvment and Legacies within the Western World. This is a 6-7 page double spaced paper with a biography which recieved an A+ in my Western Civ Honors class

1940 words - 8 pages Plato's Involvement and Legacies Within the Western WorldWhen the term Western World is used, it is used in a way as an adjective for a lifestyle or a way of thinking. The specific lifestyle or way of thinking in which that term is referring to is an advanced and modern one. Usually being advanced such as in the western world implies that it is technologically advanced, however it also means philosophically and mentally. At the time of Plato not

How Advancements in Cartography and Western Technologies Expanded the World

1071 words - 5 pages find inexpensive and quick sea routes to the Far East. While this was going on, more powerful central governments started to develop, paying for European expeditions, which they thought could make them profit. When Explorers started sailing all over the world, they began claiming land in the New World to their country, firing an overflow of colonization and European conquest of the Western Hemisphere. In the early 15th century, The Age of

Symbolism in The Playboy of the Western World

1084 words - 4 pages Symbolism in The Playboy of the Western World Symbols are a powerful way of conveying information and feelings by substituting something concrete to represent an idea e.g. the heart (love), the dove (peace). Such representation is called symbolism. In writing The Playboy of the Western World, Synge serves us an Irish delicacy, in which lies the subtle yet memorable flavour of symbolism, in the midst of rollicking

Third World Country in Comparison with Western Style Economy

4654 words - 19 pages Third World Country in Comparison with Western Style EconomyWith an overall comparison of Australia and Vietnam's economic structure through economic systems, economic indicators, fiscal and monetary policies, and international trade, Australia is a more efficient economy than Vietnam's economy. Australia is more free-market then Vietnam when analysing their political economic structure based on political economic spectrum, economic system, and

Feminism in the Late 20th and 21st Century in Western Europe and North America Compared to Feminism in Middle Eastern Countries

1770 words - 7 pages ", degrading, negative and harmful words used against women that are deemed socially acceptable in todays society, the female form and how women are played against each other in the media, stereotypes accosiated with feminism such as it being an anti men movement rather than an equal rights movement. I want to research radical feminism and question how it affects the feminist movement, why feminist art is relevant in western and middle eastern culture

An Investigation into the Market for "Western Music" in China

2978 words - 12 pages in 2001, the totally produced money increased 36.8%, while the variety increased 23.9% and the quantity increased 48.8%. (The data comes from the statistic in National Conference of the Management in EAV and E-publishing.)As China is open to the outside world, more and more Chinese, especially the youth, begin to touch and appreciate western music. In recent years, western music began to play an important role in the musical world of Chinese youth

Similar Essays

Diversity In Western Vs Eastern Transformational Leadership

1617 words - 6 pages father and son, the leader is expected to guide the followers along. It is easy to find an example of transformational leadership in the Western world where the theory was developed, but it is more challenging to find one in the Eastern world. Zhang Ruimin, CEO of Haier Group Co., however, is a good example of a transformational leader. Taking over the government owned refrigerator company known as Qingdao Refrigerator in Beijing in 1984, he turned

Pain And Acupuncture In Eastern And Western Medicine

1829 words - 7 pages Pain and Acupuncture in Eastern and Western Medicine Acupuncture is an ancient medicinal art that has been practiced for thousands of years. Acupuncture today is mainly seen by Western medicine as a "new alternative" medicine (2). This basically means that while Western medicine acknowledges the value and positive medical research supporting acupuncture in many realms of medicine, for the most part it is not a practice that has been

Chinatown: The Spread Of Eastern Culture In A Western Society

1385 words - 6 pages culture on the Western world, it is also clear that through the implementation of Chinatowns, the ideals and beliefs of traditional Eastern culture have also become a common notion in the West. One of the most common is the spread of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism in the Western world, which have been on the rise in recent years, following the migration of many East Asian peoples to the West in the late 1800s (Hadley). Chinese culture

Differences Between Family In Western And Eastern Culture

1404 words - 6 pages utmost respect is given to elders - all older relatives are given the suffix ji at the end of their names, meaning "sir" or "ma'am". This may, of course, seem excessively formal and impersonal, but in the Indian culture, it has developed a quality of sweetness and love - one that is hard to find in the Western call names of "Dad" or simply even calling a relative, such as an elder cousin, by their first name - showing no sign of respect for the