Mao Tse Tung Essay

2428 words - 10 pages

Mao was born in the village of Sheehan in the Hunan Province of China. His father was a peasant farmer whom he early learned to defy. His mother was a devout Buddhist. After graduating from a teacher's training in Changsha, he continued his studies at the University of Beijing. In 1921 Mao became a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party. In the 1920s he concentrated on political work in his native Province and Jinx Province. His highly pragmatic strategy was one of the main influences on Fidel Castro when in 1959 he was able to take over Cuba with Che Guevara. Mao recognized the revolutionary potential of the peasantry when Marx and Lenin had seen in their urban doctrine the working class as the leading revolutionary force. Mao himself was also an exception to the rule: he was one of only three peasants to gain control of his country throughout its long history-the others were from the Han and Ming dynasties.After the break with the Nationalist Party Mao started the guerilla tactics, but in 1934 the Nationalist government destroyed the Jiangxi Soviet, and the Communist forces started the legendary retreat and the Long March. However, Mao's rural based guerilla warfare led to the fall of the government and the new People's Republic of China was proclaimed in 1949. Mao headed the Communists; he gained the upper hand over his Russian-backed adversaries. Mao's prestige was reinforced by his "Thought." This was a personal ideology designed to circumvent opponents who were better theoreticians than he was by labeling their ideas as "mechanical" or "dogmatic." The ideology was a combination of Marxism-Leninism, adapted to Chinese conditions; partly Mao's own ideas and partly developed for him by such CCP's theoreticians as Chen Boda and Ai Siqi. The support of the Communists among intellectuals also was rising. Zhang Dongsun, who was the most perceptive philosopher of modern China, saw that Communists were China's only practical way out.Mao Tse-Tung was born in December 26th, 1826, in Shao Shan, Hunan province. In 1911, on October, the Outbreak of the revolution leading to the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty happens. Mao started to like Communism, so he starts a communist group in Hunan, 1920. One year later he is invited to attend the First Congress of the Chinese Communist party in Shanghai, he considers this very important. Later that year, in October to be more exact, he becomes the secretary of the CCP (Chinese communist party) of the province of Hunan. In 1995 the Death of Sun Yat-Sen starts the leadership of Chiang Kai-Shek. In 1927, of April, the Kuomintang attack the CCP in Shangai, this starts the Civil war. The war went on for some years, and in November 1930 Chiang Kai-shek starts his first Annihilation Campaign. The Japanese see a good opportunity and attack Manchuria in September 1931. Chian Kai-shek starts many more Annihilation Campaign?s, so on October 1934, The Long March to escape the 5th Annihilation Campaign starts. The next...

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