Mao Zedong Effect On China Essay

1186 words - 5 pages

Liberalism -a political or social philosophy advocating the freedom of the individual, parliamentary systems of government, nonviolent modification of political, social, or economic institutions to assure unrestricted development in all spheres of human endeavor, and governmental guarantees of individual rights and civil liberties.Simple -a political orientation that favors social progress by reform and by changing laws rather than by revolutionexamples:Ecuador, legalization of gay marriages, preservation of basic rights, and legalization of abortion among others. Liberalism today is mostly favoring socialist policies. Liberalism is mostly common in the Western world.Conservatism -a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes.the disposition to preserve or restore what is established and traditional and to limit change.example:In the Congress of Vienna of 1815, where the Restoration of Europe began, the most important principle was legitimacy. Conservatives aimed to make legitimate both the monarchy's authority and a hierarchical social order. Conservatives wanted political stability after a period of turmoil with the French Revolution and other events of the time. And legitimacy seemed to be the best way to ensure that stability when restoring the government systems in European countries.document example:As for the document, Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France is a clear example of conservatism. He argued that the "conquering power of reason" was dangerous. He also saw enthusiasm for constitutions as misguided (as enthusiasm was in the French Revolution with the Reign of Terror). In his document, Burke defended experience, tradition and history.Traditionalism -the upholding or maintenance of tradition, especially so as to resist change.Antisemitism -hostility to or prejudice against Jews.Examples: Adolf Hitler and the Nazi'sSocialism -a political and economic theory of social organization which advocates that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be owned or regulated by the community as a whole. and the creation of an egalitarian societyexample: has never existedNationalism -a feeling that people have of being loyal to and proud of their country often with the belief that it is better and more important than other countriesexamples: Hitler being and extreme example of nationalism.Totalitarianism -dictatorship: a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)example: Hitler controlling Germany and being only leader (dictator).Youth in Nazi Germany -The Hitler Youth was a logical extension of Hitler's belief that the future of Nazi Germany was its children. The Hitler Youth was seen as being as important to a child as school was. In the early years of the Nazi government, Hitler had made it clear as to what he expected German children to be likeIn 1936, it...

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