Mapping Ecosystem Services In Colombia’s Putumayo Region

2745 words - 11 pages

Mapping Ecosystem Services in Colombia’s Putumayo Region to Inform a Compensation Scheme to Establish Silvopastoral Systems


Key Message
The rain and cloud forests of Colombia’s Upper Putumayo region are becoming increasingly exposed to agriculture, ranching, and infrastructure development. These activities can have adverse effects on water supply and quality, soil erosion, carbon capture and sequestration, and biodiversity. The additional impacts from climate change intensify these effects and can have serious consequences for future ecosystem services supply, development and livelihoods. InVEST was used to map the main ecosystem services to the region, in order to identify the areas providing the greatest supply of people-benefitting ecosystem services and those services most vulnerable to degradation from the effects of climate change. Areas with the greatest concentration of ecosystem services and/or highest level of degradation from the effects of climate change can then be considered as priority sites for actions targeted at conserving the benefits that these ecosystem services provide. Two such actions are: 1) the establishment of silvopastoral systems, which incorporate strategically tree or shrub productive species cover on ranchlands; and 2) compensation and rewards for ecosystem services schemes, which create incentives for better land management.

What is the problem?
The Sibundoy valley with 46,000 ha is located into the Andean Amazon piedmont, Colombia’s Upper Putumayo region (Fig 1.) endowed with a wealth of biodiversity and natural resources (Barthlott et al. 1996, Gentry 1988). However the ecosystem services around these richness area face three interlinked problems: 1) agriculture and ranching operations, as well as large-scale infrastructure projects, are encroaching on natural ecosystems, which are critical resources for local populations; 2) the expansion of these projects cannot be halted completely as they provide livelihoods to local people and contribute to the development of Colombia’s economy; and 3) climate change is further exacerbating the deleterious effects of provision on ecosystem services, by increasing the variability of precipitation and temperature.

Figure 1. Location of Upper Putumayo and Study Area
The Upper Putumayo as others headwaters of the Amazon River is covered by rain and cloud forests, figment of climatic fluctuation through the geologic history close to the Andes (Haffer 2008, Kreft et al. 2004). These forests provide essential ecosystem services, including water supply and pollution regulation, prevention of soil erosion, and carbon capture and sequestration (WWF Colombia and Corpoamazonia, 2010). Farmers, ranchers, and communities rely on the continuous source of clean water that the Putumayo River provides; nevertheless the agricultural frontier expansion and deforestation have increased erosion process with sediment consequences to the local irrigation system. At the same time,...

Find Another Essay On Mapping Ecosystem Services in Colombia’s Putumayo Region

Colombia's Economy Essay

1830 words - 7 pages What Are The Real Effects? Introduction Colombia’s Economy General Context Economic Sector Economic Policies Economic Facets The Crisis Economic Growth United States - Colombia Free Trade Agreement Negotiations Implementation Effects Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Colombian Farmers Illegal Drugs Lost of the Internal Market Share Conclusion Works Cited I. Introduction Colombia is one of the oldest democracies in Latin America with solid

Geography: The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC)

1934 words - 8 pages actual effort to enforce the agreement. As a result, mining companies such as AngloGold Ashanti Ltd., Eco Oro Minerals Corps., and Minincol SAS have expanded their operations into Peru. Last year, Minincol CEO Victor Carrillo said, “We are a Colombian company but we see better opportunities abroad.” This expansion has resulted in severe environmental damage to the Amazon rainforest, a region that Colombia, Peru, and Brazil share. Colombia’s

E-Business Applications

598 words - 3 pages . In reality the software modeling phase involving implementation would need a geographic region mapping system according to DeVault (2013). Basically the more details there are the larger the map must be. Longer time would be needed to create a larger mapping system. Typically a larger scale map involves more expenses with time and resources to create it. Even though with mapping systems in place the finer details of the program may not be

Security in the Andean region, diplomacy, post cold war transformations

4841 words - 19 pages region and the unresponsiveness of public authorities to the plight of the lowered echelons of society. Between 1996 and 1997 unprecedented fumigation efforts in southern Colombia also provoked violent social protests in Putumayo, Caqueta, Cauca and mostly Guaviare, that in turn allowed the FARC to strengthen its social base of support among those peasants involves in coca cultivation. Such scenarios frequently played out throughout the Andes

Right to Self-Determination

1024 words - 4 pages that belongs to the people and not to states or governments, this is being ignored by Colombia’s government, who firmly decided not to listen to the claim of the people, who struggle for political, economical, cultural, and social autonomy. The Raizal people of San Andres Island have the right of choice to self-determination. Self-determination of people is a right recognized in International Law. The law makes of it a universal principle. The

Terror.

1006 words - 4 pages on the third world in order to rise higher. As Shiva points out in Biopiracy "When homogenization is imposed on diverse social systems through global integration, region after region starts to disintegrate."(P.102) The interference of capitalism seeks to destroy perfectly sustainable diverse cultures while representing only "a particular local and patriarchal interest" (Shiva p.103). Patriarchal interest is of great importance as it is third

South America Region

1207 words - 5 pages region also contains the world’s largest and second longest river, the Amazon. The Amazon rainforest has more species of plants and animals than any other ecosystem in the world. It is estimated that 30% of all the world's species are found in the Amazon. The Amazon rainforests are among the most threatened in the world. Large scale agriculture, clearing land for cattle pastures, and logging are the main causes of this deforestation. It’s estimated

Safe Unconventional Petroleum Exploration in Tioga County, PA.

1538 words - 7 pages , Gas Companies, and Government. Shale Gas Boom Proceeds amid Human Health Questions: The quick resource boom that started in the early two-thousands that in a few short years exploded into the multi-billion dollar a year business. It is human nature to make money and make it fast. For some they believe too fast. They believe the gas companies are expanding to fast and drilling too much without caring about the consequences on the local ecosystem

Life in the Colombian Cocain Trade

1699 words - 7 pages and can be life saving to a person who hasn’t eaten for days. When the Spaniards conquered South America they discovered that the claims of the leaf being nutritious were true and started taxing 10% of the value of the crop . The taxes actually became the main source of support for the Roman Catholic Church in the region. In 1999, Colombia remained the world's leading producer of cocaine. Three quarters of the world's annual yield of cocaine is

Mapping Objective Relational

671 words - 3 pages Businesses today use ORM Object Relational Mapping, which is a primary key in today’s mainframe and thus rely on a strong course to retain the complexity of programming in today’s technology. They have progressed from a one-tier, to a three tiers, separating both the logical and physical, which includes the following: “Presentation-the user interface components. Business Logic-processes commands requested by the users, makes logical decisions

hnfg

771 words - 4 pages impacts on human well-being and health. Ensuring sustainable use and conservation of Earths ecosystems is of high importance, especially for human health. Ecosystem disruption can impact on health in a variety of ways, depending on how much a population may rely upon an ecosystems services (WHO, 2013). There have been many situations where humans have broken down ecosystems due to their overuse of services and naivety about sustainability, one

Similar Essays

Salmon Farming In British Colombia Essay

1263 words - 6 pages with. Antibiotics that are used to treat farmed fish may also unintentionally effect the population of phytoplankton and zooplankton as well as larger, more complex organisms (Burridge, 3). Salmon farming in British Colombia must not continue as it greatly harms local wildlife. As well as being harmful to the ecosystem salmon farming is also harmful to British Colombia’s economy. Wild salmon fishing creates more jobs than salmon farming, there

Ecosystem Services: Deforestation And Soil Erosion

2067 words - 8 pages more rigorous research on measuring, modelling and mapping ecosystem services and assessing changes in their delivery with respect to human welfare. To do this the scientific community needs to be able to explain clearly what ecosystem services are, and how they can be classified for use. This requires a clear and consistent definition and an understanding of what characteristics and applications should drive a classification scheme (Fisher et al

The Failure Of Plan Colombia Essay

3076 words - 12 pages States foreign policy initiative, a large number of Democrats in Congress were anxious that the U.S. was getting too ensnared in a foreign civil war that was more and more affecting Colombia’s neighboring nations as well. Previous human rights violations by the Army of Colombia and paramilitaries were a source of trepidation for the United States. However, the U.S. ultimately supported the government of Colombia in the acceptance and application of

Mapping Diabetes Related Services – Melbourne’s Mid And Outer West

1124 words - 4 pages Partnerships. It will provide a comprehensive overview of current services and service providers that offer diabetes related services in Melbourne’s western region. Objectives The Mapping Diabetes Related Services – Melbourne’s Mid and Outer West project will: 1. Identify services that offer the following diabetes related services: a. Diabetes education b. Dietetics c. Podiatry d. Physiotherapy e. Counselling f. Domicillary