This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Marco Polo And William Of Rubruck

1581 words - 7 pages

The wide spread writings of Marco Polo and William of Rubruck provide an early account of world travel during the 13th Century. These dual accounts give readers a different perspective of the Mongol’s way of life, their social hierarchy, and their method of commerce. The Mongols, whether beheld as barbaric conquerors or as an Empire for its multiplicity, were transcribed in the writings of Polo and Rubruck. Details are important to establish a sense of place and their surrounding peoples as well as a personal view of foreign people. Polo’s lack of makes Rubruck’s account equally more reliable with his daily interactions with the social life and his descriptive nature of his trips.
William of Rubruck, who was a Franciscan Monk, took upon a mission in hopes for promoting the conversion of Christianity to the Mongol peoples. Though his primary focus was the Nestorian Christians and their practices, he as well provides a unique portrayal with helpful information about the Mongol customs, their food and how they loved to drink, to religious practices and their surrounding daily life. His careful account recorded intimate encounters that provide readers how the Mongolian people reacted and interacted with European foreigners. For example we know some of the customs of the Nestorian Christians from Rubruck’s account, “ they prostrated themselves, with their foreheads touching the ground in the Nestorian fashion, and next touched all the images with the right hand, always kissing the hand after they had done so; and then they preferred the right hand to all those who stood round about in the church,” (Rubruck 189). From this example Rubruck’s provides a personal account that there were some Christians in Mongolia and how their practices or customs were different from his own. Polo mentions Nestorian Christians but none of their customs or practices or whether or not they were influential to the Chinese people whose main religion was Buddhism.
Rubruck’s account may be compared to that of Polo’s due to the fact that they both spoke upon the Mongols. Perhaps the apparent difference that is shown during their writings is their geographical separation. Rubruck spoke from the view of Mongol life in Mongolia; meanwhile Polo spoke from the view of the Mongols in China at a different period in time. Even though both travelers were geographically in two distinct places, Rubruck’s account has a detail quality that Polo lacks in his work. Rubruck maintains an intimacy not seen in Polo, who stays detach from his surroundings and from the people as well, “we travel southwards for three days and reach another city called Changlu. This is a very large city of Cathay, subject to the Great Khan and using paper money. The inhabitants are idolaters and burn the bodies of the dead,” (Polo 194). There are no interactions with the Mongol people of China, no personal inside information of what life was truly like or how they viewed travelers from...

Find Another Essay On Marco Polo and William of Rubruck

The travels of Marco Polo and his influence on the western world

1277 words - 5 pages Marco Polo is considered by most to be the most important link between Europe andChina in the 13th century. His accounts of the Eastern world had an immense impact onWestern thinking and life in Europe.Marco Polo was born in 1254 to a noble family in Venice, which was at that time anindependent city-state in northern Italy. Marco had a typical education of a young man of histime1. At age 15, he had already studied many of the classical authors

Biological Basis of Training and Exercise. (Water polo training programs and evaluation)

1564 words - 6 pages 1.0 SUMMARYLike any other, water polo requires an athlete to follow specific training programs in order to be successful. The following report contains a series of training programs designed by a student at the Girls Grammar School, Rockhampton, constructed with the intention of improving her overall performance at water polo. This report contains a thorough evaluation and analysis of the athlete's current performance, responses to the

Ibn battuta was a traveler from North Africa, who traveled more than anybody of his time, even Marco Polo

768 words - 3 pages all that is known about Ibn Battuta's life comes from one source, Ibn Battutahimself.Ibn Battuta observes different customs through out his travels, especially the treatment of women. In many cases he is very critical of women having a high status or being able to meet socially with men. He is also critical of women who in his view are not modest in dress, going "topless" as in West Africa (p56), and not having their faces covered as in Anatolia

The various ways in which European man has benifited from Marco Polo's Travels. Covers most of Marco's life, and many ways which Europe has benifitted from it

964 words - 4 pages Marco Polo EssayEssay Question: Discuss the various ways in which European man has benefited from Marco polo's travels.In the vast field of exploration, no single European has made such a great contribution as that of Marco Polo. He had seen places that Europeans have only discovered in the last Century, he travelled further than any of his predecessors, and explored many places throughout Asia, and learnt of many different cultures, all which

William Faulkner and the Metamorphosis of Literature

991 words - 4 pages “Read, read, read. Read everything-- trash, classics, good and bad, and see how they do it. Just like a carpenter who works as an apprentice and studies the master. Read! You'll absorb it.” - William Faulkner. Born in September of 1897, William totally re-wrote classical literature in the 19th century, even beyond his death in July of 1962. Faulker’s work was crawling with sub-plots, details, hidden inspiration, and key elements from

The Life and Works of William Shakespeare

1260 words - 5 pages Harris 6Albrenda HarrisProfessor Pangikas-MillerWorld Literature10/09/2014Textual ResearchThe Life and Works of William ShakespeareChildhood, Education, and MarriageWilliam Shakespeare was born in a market town one hundred miles northwest of London, by the name of Stratford-upon-Avon on April twenty-second or twenty- third, in the year fifteen sixty-four. After his third to fourth day of life he was baptized in his hometown on the twenty sixth

The Life And Times Of William Shakespeare

1348 words - 6 pages The Life and Times of William Shakespeare Unless you've lived in a cave for your entire life, you've probably heard the phrases "To be or not to be that is the question," and "Romeo, Romeo where for art thou Romeo?" hundreds of times. You probably know that the man that wrote them was William Shakespeare, but what do you really know about him? Was he rich or poor? Where did he grow up? When did he write his first play? Actually

William Wordsworth and His Love of Nature

6817 words - 27 pages ).Wordsworth was born in Cockermouth, England, to John, a prominent aristocrat, and Anne Wordsworth, but with his mother's death in 1778, William and his family began to drift apart. William was sent to boarding school in Hawkeshead, and his sister, Dorothy, was sent to live with cousins in Halifax. It was in the rural surroundings of Hawkeshead that William learned his appreciation for nature and the outdoors. Unfortunately, once again, the

William Faulkner and the Question of Race

1359 words - 5 pages Literature 1949"). Through a variety of characters and situations, William Faulkner presents, questions, praises, and condemns the South's view of social standing. “Faulkner well understood his society's system of class, caste, and race -- wealthy landowners, middle-class whites, poor whites, 'white trash,' and then blacks (who were actually not on the bottom of the ladder but separate from the rest)-as he also well understood the problems inherent in

The Life and Impact of William Shakespeare

1905 words - 8 pages William Shakespeare was considered one of the greatest playwrights the world has ever known. Did events in his childhood lead to this? Did his education play a role in his success? William Shakespeare was a very influential person of the 1600's and 1700's, who also had a great impact on our literary world. Shakespeare's actual birth date is unknown, but records of his baptism on 26, April 1564 leads most historians to believe his actual birth

Zen and the Art of William Shakespeare

2426 words - 10 pages York: Columbia UP. 1967 Leggatt, Alexander. “The Fourth and Fifth Acts”. The Merchant of Venice. William Shakespeare. New York: Signet (178-191) Shakespeare, William. Cymbeline. Ed Richard Hosley. New York: Signet. 1987 Shakespeare, William. MacBeth. Ed Sylvan Barnett. New York: Signet. 1987 Shakespeare, William. The Merchant of Venice. Ed Kenneth Myrick. New York: Signet. 1987 Shakespeare, William. The Tempest. Ed Robert

Similar Essays

The Life And Accomplishments Of Marco Polo

1910 words - 8 pages Marco Polo By: Peter Lanzon One of the world’s greatest explorers was Marco Polo. Known for his travels to China, the book he wrote about his expeditions, The Travels of Marco Polo, and his sharing of Asian spices, marked him as a great influence in the 13th century and beyond. Italy was not tranquil in the 13th century. Famine spread across Europe because of poor harvests. Crops failed because of seasonal floods. In the winter of 1315-1316

William Of Rubruck Essay

945 words - 4 pages All people feared the Mongols of the thirteenth century. There are many reasons as to why people cringed when they heard the word Mongol. King Louis IX was especially fearful of the Mongols. He was so anxious he sent William of Rubruck to infiltrate the Mongol society, unravel their plans, integrate Christianity into their society, and show the world the culture of the medieval Mongols. William of Rubruck was a traveling Franciscan monk. He

Man Of Importance: Marco Polo Essay

550 words - 2 pages Marco Polo was an explorer and merchant born in Venice in the year of 1252. He accomplished many things before his death in 1324. He set out on a journey that made its way all the way to Chandu in Asia, North of the Great Wall. He became the best known explorer of the middle ages after documenting his journey in a book titled Divisament dou Monde, or in English, The Travels of Marco Polo. His travels inspired the voyage that lead to the

The Impact Of Expectations Upon Marco Polo And Hernan Cortes

2525 words - 10 pages Human history is filled with the names of bold explorers who ventured into the great unknown, only to come out basked in glory as some of the great heroes of their day. Among the grandest are Marco Polo, who provided little known information about the Far East to Europeans, and Hernan Cortes, the great Spanish conquistador who is given credit for the defeat of the Mexica Empire. These two famous explorers are also ideal case