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Marie Curie: One Of The Most Influential Women In Science

1026 words - 4 pages

Marie Curie is commonly known for her contributions on radiation and her discoveries of Radium and Polonium and is seeing as one of the most important women’s to change history in science. She was born November 7th, 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. Both of her parents believed that education was of great importance. Marie was the youngest of five children and when she was eight her oldest sister caught typhus and died. Less than three years later her mother passed away after fighting tuberculosis for five years. It is said that her first lessons in chemistry and physics were taught to her by her father who was a Professor of Math and Physics. Even though Marie had her mothers and sisters death she did not let it affect her academic success and was the best student in her class.
She graduated at the age of 15 from high school where she received a gold medal for her academic success. Marie knew she wanted to get an advance degree yet this was not possible since women were not allowed to enroll at the University of Warsaw. After graduating Manya as often called suffered what is now called depression. Her father then allowed her to spend a year with her cousins. Marie and her sister Bronya made a pact; Marie would work as a private tutor to help her sister pay her medical school in Paris. Once her sister was out of school she would help Marie pay for her education. However, in 1891 she was admitted to Sorbonne. While in school she was determined to overcome any obstacle such as not having such a strong math or science background and worked hard to become better in her weak points. Marie obtained two master’s degree in both Physics and Mathematical Sciences. She finished first of her class in her physics masters degree and a year later she graduated second in her mathematics class. Marie did not let her financial issues get in her way of her education, while working on her math degree she was awarded a scholarship by French scientist who recognized her great abilities.
While in Paris she met Pierre Curie who was a Professor in the School of Physics; he later became her husband and had two daughters. Pierre was a Lab chief in the Paris Municipal School of Industrial Chemistry and Physics where they shared a lab and he later gave her a lab for her. Marie and Pierre worked together conducting research with Radium and in 1903 received the Noble Prize for their research on radiation, that same year she received her Doctor of Science. In 1906 Pierre her husband died in an accident where he slipped and fell in the street where his head was crushed by a wheel of a horse car. She took his place as Professor of General Physics taking over his classes at the Sorbonne. She was later appointed Director of the Curie Laboratory in the Radium Institute of the University of Paris.
While conducting research with her husband they worked under difficult conditions and their lab was in poor conditions that earning a living was not possible. Thanks to Henri Becquerel...

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