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Marie Sklodowska Curie And The Discovery Of Radium And Polonium

1021 words - 5 pages

Both a remarkably intelligent and profound female in the science world, Marie Skłodowska Curie changed the way science would be looked at in the future. Curie discovered the elements radium and polonium, as well as administering ground-breaking research in radioactivity. Both a chemist and a physicist, Curie won an extent of awards and honors in multiple fields. Curie set the stage for many years of boundless discoveries.
Born to Bronisława née Boguska and Władysław Skłodowski on November 7 1867 in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland, Marie Sklodowska Curie was one of five children. Both her parents were teachers and she grew up rather poor so her family tried to invest to recover from previous ...view middle of the document...

Between some of these time periods Curie stopped to gain money by tutoring or being a governess to pursue these schools.
Skłodowska Curie has gained many awards, recognitions, and honors over her lifetime but she has also set records by being the first female professor at the University of Paris, the first person to win two Nobel prizes in two fields as well as two sciences.
• Nobel prize in Physics (1903) and Chemistry (1911)
• Davy Medal (1903 w/ Pierre Curie)
• Matteucci Medal (1904 w/ Pierre Curie)
• Elliot Cresson Medal (1909)
• Franklin Medal of the American Philosophical Society (1921)
• Curie symbol Ci (unit of radioactivity) w/ Pierre Curie
• Element 96 Curium
• Radioactive minerals: curite, sklodowowskite, cuprosklodowskite
• Honorary degrees from universities across world
• Marie Curie Actions fellowship program of European Union (for young scientists wishing to work in a foreign country)
• Poland: honorary doctorates from: Lwow Poltechnic (1912), Poznan University (1922), Krakow’s Jagiellonian University (1924), Warsaw Polytechnic (1926)
• Metro station in Paris, France renamed in honor w/ Pierre Curie (2007)
• Polish nuclear research reactor ‘Maria’
• 7000 Curie asteroid and KLM McDonnell Douglas MD-11 (reg. PH-KCC) named in her honor
• Institutions: Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute of Oncology (Warsaw), Institut Curie in Paris, France, patron of: Maria Curie-Sklodowska University (Lublin est. 1944), Pierre and Marie Curie University (est. 1971), Britain: Marie Curie Cancer Care (organized in 1948)
• Museums: Maria Sklodowska-Curie Museum (1967 Warsaw (birthplace on Freta Street)), laboratory (Paris) preserved as Musee Curie (since 1992)
• Statue of Marie Curie before Warsaw’s Radium Institute (1935), it was damaged by gunfire in 1944 (WWII), was not remodeled
• Stained glass panel of her ( Maria Sklodowska-Curie Medallion) 1955
• Multiple Biographies
• Many films (Madame Curie) and plays (False Assumptions)
• Appeared on bills, stamps and coins around the world
• Featured on a Polish banknote and on the last French-500 franc note (before it was replaced with the euro)

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