This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Marijuana And Driving: A Review Of The Scientific Evidence

1021 words - 4 pages

I would like to stress that all of the statements and facts presented here are supported by references, Most of which are from UK government studies and Universities across the world.Marijuana and Driving: A Review of the Scientific EvidenceIt is well established that alcohol increases accident risk. Evidence of marijuana's culpability in on-road driving accidents is much less convincing.Although cannabis intoxication has been shown to mildly impair psychomotor skills, this impairment does not appear to be severe or long lasting. In driving simulator tests, this impairment is typically manifested by subjects decreasing their driving speed and requiring greater time to respond to emergency situations.Nevertheless, this impairment does not appear to play a significant role in on-road traffic accidents. A 2002 review of seven separate studies involving 7,934 drivers reported, "Crash culpability studies have failed to demonstrate that drivers with cannabinoids in the blood are significantly more likely than drug-free drivers to be culpable in road crashes." This result is likely because subject under the influence of marijuana are aware of their impairment and compensate for it accordingly, such as by slowing down and by focusing their attention when they know a response will be required. This reaction is just the opposite of that exhibited by drivers under the influence of alcohol, who tend to drive in a more risky manner proportional to their intoxication.Today, a large body of research exists exploring the impact of marijuana on psychomotor skills and actual driving performance. This research consists of driving simulator studies, on-road performance studies, crash culpability studies, and summary reviews of the existing evidence. To date, the result of this research is fairly consistent: Marijuana has a measurable yet relatively mild effect on psychomotor skills, yet it does not appear to play a significant role in vehicle crashes, particularly when compared to alcohol. Below is a summary of some of the existing data.The results to date of crash culpability studies have failed to demonstrate that drivers with cannabinoids in the blood are significantly more likely than drug-free drivers to be culpable in road crashes. ... [In] cases in which THC was the only drug present were analyzed, the culpability ratio was found to be not significantly different from the no-drug group."REFERENCE: G. Chesher and M. Longo. 2004. Cannabis and alcohol in motor vehicle accidents. In: F. Grotenhermen and E. Russo (Eds.) Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. New York: Haworth Press. Pp. 313-323.This report has summarized available research on cannabis and driving.... Evidence of impairment from the consumption of cannabis has been reported by studies using laboratory tests, driving simulators and on-road observation. ... Both simulation and road trials generally find that driving behavior shortly after consumption of larger...

Find Another Essay On Marijuana and Driving: A Review of the Scientific Evidence

Legalization of Marijuana: A Review of the Literature

2135 words - 9 pages effects of marijuana and much of the public are not aware of these effects. There have been scientific reports that say that cannabis can help cure cancer and other reports that say you can get cancer from excessive smoking. In order to find out if the nation believes whether pot can have a negative or positive effect on health, fifty-six participants were asked if they believed marijuana was harmful to their health. The results indicated that thirty

Review The Evidence That Suggests The Combination Of An NSAID And Paracetamol Provide Better Pain Relief Than Single Therapy

3071 words - 13 pages Pharmacology of Anaesthetics and Analgesics Review the evidence that suggests the combination of an NSAID and paracetamol provide better pain relief than single therapyScopeIn this review essay, we will firstly explore the some background information on the sensation of pain in the human body, followed by looking at the different types of analgesics available for drug treatment. We will then take a closer look at the mechanism of action of

The Determination of a Topic’s Scientific Status

970 words - 4 pages determining whether something was a science, or not a science, was using inductive reasoning resulting from conducting a test or series of tests to support a theory. He concluded that this solution would not be adequate enough and claimed that “the criterion of the scientific status of a theory is its falsifiability” (Curd et al. 2013, 7). Popper summarized his ideas, which resulted in the aforementioned claim, in the following seven points that: 1

A Scientific Study of the Lactase Enzyme

2120 words - 9 pages Section 1: Introduction Enzymes are proteins that are used to accelerate bio chemical reactions. Enzymes can only react with what is called a substrate. This is because the enzyme has a specific working property, such as having a distinct shape that only allows a perfect fit of a substrate. This substrate locks itself to the enzyme and produces a product. Lactase is an enzyme that breaks down lactose, a milk disaccharide of galactose and

The Propriety of Psychotropic Medications in the Treatment of Pervasive Developmental Disorder in the Pediatric Population: A Review of the Evidence

768 words - 4 pages children (Fombonne, 2009). Pharmacological intervention for this delicate population is challenging and the use of psychotropic medications to control target behaviors is often used off-label. Examples of target behaviors include self-injurious behavior (SIB), stereotypy, echolalia, or excessive fears (de Bildt, Mulder, Scheers, Minderaa, & Tobi, 2006). The objective of this review is to examine a current collaborative behavioral protocol from The

The Effects of Drinking and Driving

1616 words - 6 pages The Effects of Drinking and DrivingDrinking and driving is a senseless crime. Everyone is, or should be aware of how much alcohol affects one's ability to drive. It is widely publicized and a well-known fact that drinking and driving do not mix. "It is well known that alcohol in moderate quantities affects different people in a variety of ways" (Denney 26). On average if a male adult were to consume three typical alcoholic beverages he would

The Dangers and Implications of Distracted Driving

1904 words - 8 pages A lot of drivers that have alcohol in their blood don’t appear this way. Statistics have shown that even the tiniest amount of alcohol can influence the way you drive. As more people understand the many behaviors that can become aggressive and see their own behavior, they can become adapted to safer driving practices and manage risk more effectively. Many people believe that drinking and driving or texting and driving is okay if nobody gets

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of a scientific approach to the study of society

1625 words - 7 pages workers in the field to attempt to repeat them, that is, to check them out with the same or other materials and thereby test the results. These two criteria, empirical relevance and clear procedures are bedrock assumptions built into any scientific approach.August Comte, a positivist held the view that the study of sociology should be based on principles and procedures similar to those applied to the study of natural sciences. He argued that taking

Women of Color and the Scientific Community

1103 words - 4 pages Race and gender play a role in how people are treated in almost every aspect of society. Banu Subramaniam’s Snow Brown and the Seven Detergents is a story that is meant to shed light on the issue of how women and more specifically women of colour are treated within the scientific community. It is intended to help create understanding of the challenges facing women of colour who attempt to enter the sciences. The author describes a world which is

Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture

3648 words - 15 pages Yin and Yang: the Nature of Scientific Explanation in a Culture ABSTRACT: I explore the nature of scientific explanation in a culture centering on the doctrine of yin and yang combined with that of five phrases, wu-hsing (YYFP). I note how YYFP functions as an alternative to the causal way of thinking, as well as the meaning of scientific explanation in a culture. I also consider whether a scientific concept becomes metaphorical when it is

The branches, nature and importance of philosophy as a scientific descipline

1571 words - 6 pages IntroductionI am going to describe the nature of philosophy and show its importance as a scientific discipline. I will list some of its branches and explain the part of philosophy they deal with. This in turn will describe the subject matter of philosophy as a whole.The word philosophy is derived from two Greek words: philo and sophia. The former means love, while the latter means wisdom. Therefore, the word philosophy simply means love of

Similar Essays

A Review Of The Literature On Marijuana

3267 words - 13 pages . Other historians pointed out that marijuana use has emerged during the Prohibition of alcohol era in the 1920s. They contended that, “marijuana clubs, called tea pads, sprang up in every major city. These marijuana establishments were tolerated by the authorities because marijuana was not illegal and patrons showed no evidence of making a nuisance of themselves or disturbing the community” (Marijuana History, n.d.). Marijuana Is Medicine Many

The Mmr Debate: A Review Of The Primary Evidence

6575 words - 26 pages findings, of relevant "grey" evidence (from parents, case records, and other "non-scientific" sources) in order to gain a more holistic perspective on what is known at present.However, the MRC Review is a very difficult read using technical and 'jargon' words throughout the report. Moreover, the report is 91 pages in length making it very laborious to read. Parents may simply not have the time nor the education, which allows them to make sense of the

Scientific Evidence And Blood Splatter Essay

1042 words - 5 pages important because blood splatter don’t lie. It was mentioned before, blood splatter tells a story. Scientific evidence found that the blood splatter was on her robe, which Sarah wore and her DNA was in the robe as well. Of course they wouldn't find DNA/blood splatter on her pajamas because she was wearing her robe, which concealed her pajamas under the robe. DNA was found on the bottom of her socks as well; and her DNA on the gun. In Conclusion

Legalization Of Marijuana: A Review Of The Literature

2394 words - 10 pages California was the first state to pass a marijuana law in 1913 followed by the rest of the states in the nation until the year of 1937, when marijuana became completely illegal at the federal level. (Guither) Before then, marijuana and specifically hemp had many uses for colonists and farmers and was such a critical crop for a number of purposes, that the government even encouraged its growth. It was not until Henry J. Anslinger saw the Bureau