Marijuana is a cannabaceae plant, which has always been associated with negative connotations until recently, when it has been discovered that this plant may be used to cure diseases and improve a country economy. Thus, the American opinion is split on the question of “Marijuana Legalization”. In fact, a survey undertaken by CNN/ORC International Poll states that 55 % of Americans believe that the use of marijuana should be legal, while only 44 % think it should be illegal (CNN). I also share the American majority opinion since there is some evidence that marijuana yields positive results.
The use, sale and possession of marijuana is still illegal under federal law in the United States. However, it is allowed in 20 states and the District of Columbia to use marijuana in some form. In two states, Colorado and Washington, the sale and possession of marijuana is legal for both medical and recreational use, while it is only use medically in the other states ("State Marijuana Laws map"). These states have had some serious reasons for changing their laws concerning this drug.
Opponents of marijuana (cannabis) legalization claim that cannabis is a narcotic drug which could become a great addiction for the consumer over the time. However, the problem of possible addiction cannot be a purpose to censure marijuana use because research shows that nicotine is more addictive than cannabis. Therefore, if smoking a cigarette is not forbidden, why would smoking marijuana be forbidden? For example, a survey published in 1994 by the epidemiologist James Anthony and his colleagues, at the National Institute on Drug Abuse, asked more than 8,000 people between the ages of 15 and 64 about their use of marijuana and other drugs. The researchers found that of those who had tried marijuana at least once, about 9 percent eventually fit a diagnosis of cannabis dependence. The corresponding figure for alcohol was 15 percent; for cocaine, 17 percent; for heroin, 23 percent; and for nicotine, 32 percent. This survey proves the fact that marijuana is less addictive than certain substances commercialized such as alcohol and nicotine products (Scott and Hal). Hence, the problem of addiction cannot be a reason for prohibiting marijuana.
Opponents also support that marijuana may affect brain development and irritate the heart and the lungs. It may be true, but it is not a reason for criminalizing the use of marijuana since we know that smoking cigarette causes lung cancer and many heart diseases. Moreover, mental diseases such as the Parkinson’s disease and the Multiple Sclerosis can be treated with marijuana thanks to two substances it contains called cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabinol, which permit to reduce inflammation, control spasms, and even prevent neurological damage. For instance, an Australian mother Cheri O'Connell revealed in a report of Herald Sun News about the benefits of liquid marijuana, which she says saved her...