Marine Oil Spills Essay

1244 words - 5 pages

The United States Environmental Protection Agency reports that “almost 14,000 thousand oil spills are reported each year” (“Response”). Hence, it is clear that as the world continues to use this powerful, non-renewable resource more and more, accidents are very possible at any time. Moreover, oil spills damage the planet and society in numerous ways. As a result of marine oil spills, the organisms, the environments, and the economy suffer.
Firstly, many organisms take damage when it comes to oil spills. However, some scientists argue that while there is definitely damage at the individual level, most populations are able to survive and continue to live in the area (“Effects of Oil Spills”). Populations, in general, are robust enough to survive most precarious situations. The effects the oil has on living things are classified as either lethal or nonlethal (“Life”). Although the nonlethal effects may not kill the organism directly, it may lead to the organism not being able to protect itself from predators. The animals that are the most affected by the oil include sea birds, sea otters, sea turtles, and fishes (“Oil Spills”). For sea otters and sea birds, the oil is dangerous because of its ability to coat these animals’ fur and feathers. The oil coating is threatening because it can lead to the animals not being able to control their own body temperature, which eventually can lead to hypothermia (“Oil Spills”). The oil can physically prevent these animals from executing homeostasis. Sea turtles do not instinctively avoid the oil and the water, and they sometimes ingest the oil when they come up to breathe (Patin). All turtles need to breath, but in an oil spill, they end up consuming the oil that remains on the surface. From previous oil spills, studies have shown that fish who have been exposed to oil have problems with their gills and reproductive organs (“Effects of Oil Spills”). When the oil gets into their reproductive and respiratory systems, the oil severely alters their organs. However, no matter the species, most young animals will have a hard time handling the oil (“Gulf”). This occurs simply because these animals are not yet fully developed .
Along with animals, plants are also affected by oil spills. Also, some plants are greatly affected whereas others are able to carry on without a problem. Red algae, mangrove trees, and shoreline plants have all shown negative impacts from previous oil spills (“Effects of Oil Spills”). Healthy plants are necessary for a stable environment, so anytime a plant is damaged, it can cause unfavorable conditions for other organisms. For example, red algae, which is found in coral reefs, has been found dead and decaying after exposure to oil (“Effects of Oil Spills”). Coral reefs around the world are home to very diverse organisms, and the destruction of the the actual coral and algae could have lasting impacts. Similarly, mangrove trees in mangrove swamps, have died after being...

Find Another Essay On Marine Oil Spills

Oil Spills: Effect on Wildlife Essay

1193 words - 5 pages , causing deformities and deaths. Shellfish and corals are particularly at risk since they can't escape. Oil spills are also responsible for tainting algae, which perform a vital role in waterway ecosystems. If a spill isn't contained quickly, oil can lie beneath the surface of beaches and the sea, severely affecting marine organisms that burrow, such as crabs, for decades. Since these burrowing creatures are a food source for other animals, the cycle

Oil Spills. Essay

1673 words - 7 pages Mexico over a period of 9 months after its well exploded in 1979. The IXTOC I is currently #2 on the list of largest oil spills of all-time, eclipsed only by the deliberate release of oil, from many different sources, during the 1991 Gulf War (Marine).Underwater pipelines:Pipeline spills have also had devastating results. There are currently thousands of miles of underwater pipelines in the world carrying oil. Many of these pipelines are not


1590 words - 7 pages responses. In real meaning, responses to oil spills seek to contain the oil and remove enough of it so that economic motion can resume and the natural recovery processes of the marine environment can take over. Floating booms can be placed around the source of the spill or at entrances to channels and harbors to reduce the spreading of an oil slick over the sea surface. Skimming, a technique that, like the use of booms, is most successful in

The Negative Effects of Marine Pollution

1270 words - 6 pages facing in the 21st century isn’t just having a negative effect on our marine wildlife it is having a huge effect on our future. Which is the children of the world. Organic pollutants from sewage, nutrient pollution from fertilizer run-off, plastic marine debris, toxic dumping and oil spills, urban runoff and dispersed pollutants combine to create one of the most critical classes of ocean threats the problem. “ Plastics pose a particularly

Red, White, and Oil

1379 words - 6 pages The industrial parts of the world depend on oil. The world uses oil to make gas that powers cars machines upon other things. The way big countries get oil is buying oil from big oil companies like Bp and the Exxon mobile. These big companies are very well known. Both of these major companies have had massive oil spills. The Exxon Valdez oil spill happened in Alaska in 1989. Bp had an even more oil spill in 2010. Oil spills are dangerous

Oil Spilled at Sea

2091 words - 8 pages daily basis mainly from oil spills from offshore drilling, routine shipping, run-offs and dumping activities. Among them, oil spills make up about 12% of the oil that enters the ocean. Oil spills may be released due of release of oil from tankers, offshore platform, drilling rigs and tanker ship accidents; this may cause severe problem since it can be affected the local marine wildlife such as fish, birds and sea otters. One of the largest oil

The Effects of Off-Shore Drilling on Marine Ecosystems

1708 words - 7 pages The environmental impact of the planet is closely related to a problem that arose from the increasing use of Oil: the reduction of emission levels of toxic chemicals and so-called "greenhouse gases", and reducing oxygen levels. Man has caused disasters on ecosystems by killing large number of species of all kinds. Among the most serious disasters that threaten biodiversity are oil spills in the seas and oceans. The contamination by crude oil or

The Environmental Impact of Off-Shore Oil Exploration and Production

3956 words - 16 pages in understanding that although the problem of produced water has escalated, efforts should be placed in examining the reaction of marine species to the different components of produced waters. In other words, Verguería et al.’s results (2002) would be in a better context if the marine life were taken into account. iii. Chronic Oil Spills (intentional pollution of oceans) The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s

Urban Air Pollution.

1533 words - 6 pages , total hydrocarbons, sulphur dioxide and lead. And when the blend is used with an oxidation catalyst, particulate matter is reduced even more. Water Pollution Water pollution associated with gasoline includes marine oil spills, groundwater contamination from underground gasoline storage tanks and runoff of vehicle engine oil and fuel. Marine oil spills such as the Exxon Valdez Spill in Alaska in 1989-cause

Oil Drilling

1597 words - 6 pages ://>. • Schoen, John . "Will offshore drilling lower oil prices?." Msnbc. Msnbc, 06 June 2008. Web. 28 Jul 2010. . • Smith, S.E. "How Do Oil Spills Affect Marine Life?." wisegeek. N.p., 08 June 2010 . Web. 28 Jul 2010. . • Smith, S.E. "What is Offshore Oil Drilling?." wisegeek. N.p., 15

Endangered marine life

778 words - 3 pages the demand for oil continues the over-kill, oil spills, oil platform pollution, and fertile pollution will continue that will cause like “previous major extinctions of species in Earth's history. Facing the lose of marine species and entire marine ecosystems, such as coral reefs, within a single generation” (Shaikh) The U.S federal government has taken an Act on the endangered species issue passed in 1973 it recognized that our rich

Similar Essays

Oil Spills Essay

824 words - 4 pages Some oil spills release over 100,000 tons of oil into the ocean. When somebody drills for oil it puts everyone at risk. The marine life, underwater plants, and even humans can be affected by the oil floating in the water. The United States should stop oil drilling because it is harmful to the environment and there are many other options to use instead of oil. Animals and marine life are greatly affected by oil spills. The oil clings to animal’s

Oil Spills Essay

735 words - 3 pages routine maintenance of ships, hydrocarbon particles from onshore air pollution, and natural seepage from the ocean floor. Oil spills present enormous harm to deep ocean and coastal fishing and fisheries. The immediate effects of toxic and smothering oil waste may be mass mortality and contamination of fish and other food species. Wildlife other than fish and marine creatures, including mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and birds that live in or

Oil Spills Essay

922 words - 4 pages that the amount of oil spilled by tankers has decreased dramatically. Worldwide pollution from tanker spills is a relatively minor source of marine pollution. It only represents a small fraction of the oil released to the environment, when it is being compared to industrial waste, non-tanker shipping, and oil seepage from natural resources. Ships are but one part of an overall safety system that includes charting, aids to navigation, the

Oil Spill Recovery Essay

2488 words - 10 pages to clean them up. Oil is a very critical energy source these days, however it is getting spilled all the time. Oil spills are harming our drinking water supply and marine biodiversity. Often a spill can kill or injure from few up to hundreds even thousands of birds and mammals. In order to solve our pollution problem we must first understand it. Oil sticks to everything and that is a crucial problem when it comes to soil. When oil is dumped on