This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Marjane Satrapi's Persepolis Essay

3444 words - 14 pages

In the 1970's a great power struggle began in Iran, leading to a profusion of civil unrest
and mass emigration. In 1941 Iranian monarch Reza Shah, was removed from power by the
United States and replaced by his son, Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who Westernized the
highly conservative and religious nation. He continued implementing the Westernized laws set
by his father, which were known to "discouraged democratic political expression in the public
sphere" and condemned Islamic fundamentalism (Khosrokhavar 3). The largely conservative
citizens of Iran protested the alterations in multiple movements in response to the westernization,
financial failures, and perceived belief that the Shah was being controlled by Western powers for
control over Iran's vast oil supply. January of 1979, the Shah went into exile in Egypt and the
devoted Muslim leader Ayatollah Khomeini assumed power, reinstalling the strict, Islamic law;
"The Constitution allows all laws to be revised [...] by an Assembly of Expert, which is
dominated by conservative clergymen" (Khatami 122) . In 1980, Iraqi troops invaded Iran in
hopes of capturing the oil- rich country amidst the Revolutionary turmoil, further contributing to
Iranian emigration to European countries. The Iran Iraq War continued until 1988. The mass
exodus resulted in the "forced dispersal, immigration, displacement and establishment of
reconfigured transnational communities", now known as the Iranian diaspora (Agnew 19).Such
abrupt uprooting of a citizen's identity and physical connection to their homeland leads to a
conflicting sense of identity and belonging in individuals who are involved in the sudden
As a member of the Iranian diaspora, Marjane Satrapi endured many hardships in her
efforts to transition from Middle Eastern culture to a more modernist Western culture. Her series
of graphic novel memoirs, Persepolis, depict her childhood growing up in Iran during both the
Islamic Revolution and the Iran- Iraq War, and moving to Austria as one of many emigrants of
Iran at the time. Marjane Satrapi's memoir is just one example of an exile bearing the burden of
memory to unify other members of the diaspora and to educate Westerners on the varying
viewpoints regarding the government and ideologies within Iran. As Marjane is sent to Austria
amidst the turmoil, she is given a great deal of freedom to express her political beliefs and
associate with a variety of people that she otherwise may not have encountered in the
conservative country of Iran. She was set as an outsider or an "other" in the foreign country due
to her lack of exposure to Western culture; Marjane was again considered an "other" upon her
return to her home country, four years later because she had been exposed to the luxuries of
Europe rather than the tragedies of Iranian war. Throughout her lifestyle transitions, her identity
is also greatly impacted; including her political beliefs, taste in music, and her...

Find Another Essay On Marjane Satrapi's Persepolis

Childhood Innocence in Persepolis Essay

1152 words - 5 pages to the child. You can’t tell them that Santa still exists when they are 20 years old. They all have to grow up someday and some mature faster than others, but most the time that’s a luxury. And it some places and in situations, they are forced to mature quicker because they experience a traumatic experience or grow up in one. Persepolis, written and narrated by Marjane Satrapi's, is a tragic memoir of growing up in Tehran in the 1980s

When the Bubble Burst Essay

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Case Study: The Benefits of Animal Testing

1757 words - 7 pages Nine year old Amy has already had a rough start in life. She was born with an abnormal heart that hinders her everyday activities. Amy is unable to keep up with kids her own age because she often tires out easily. As a consequence, she has very little friends and is often alone. Amy is forced to take different medications everyday just to survive. Amy’s life consists of medicine, doctors, and constant hospital visits. However, Amy is due for a

Myth and Magic: Realism in "One Hundred Years of Solitude"

1531 words - 6 pages “He enjoyed his grandmother's unique way of telling stories. No matter how fantastic or improbable her statements, she always delivered them as if they were the irrefutable truth” (Wikipedia, 2011). Experiences are particular instances of one personally encountering or undergoing something and in these moments of time life changes for the best or the worst and memories are formed. These recollections such as riding your first bicycle, going to

Similar Essays

Marjane Satrapi's Persepolis Essay

1493 words - 6 pages Persepolis, a graphic novel by Marjane Satrapi, is not a run-of-the-mill comic book. It is written with purpose. Satrapi wrote and illustrated this book to show Americans that their perspective of her home country, Iran, is askew. She believes Americans are too focused on the “fundamentalism, fanaticism, and terrorism” (Satrapi ii), of the nation and that they forget to notice the normality and humanness of it. Since these two perspectives have

The Role Of Women In Marjane Satrapi's Persepolis

1114 words - 4 pages Throughout Persepolis, Marjane Satrapi displays the vital role that the women around her have in developing her character and becoming the woman she is today. Women such as her mother, her grandmother, her school teachers, the maid, the neighbors, and even the guardians of the revolution influenced Marjane and caused her to develop into an independent, educated, and ambitious woman. Throughout the novel, Marjane never completely

The Veil In Marjane Satrapi’s Persepolis

1295 words - 5 pages . The article “Estranging the Familiar: “East” and "West" in Satrapi's Persepolis” by Naghibi and O’Malley brings attention to the change in Marjane from the beginning to the end of Persepolis. On the front cover “Marji is separate, marginalized, veiled, and radically other; at the same time, she is a universal cartoonish figure of a child to whom presumably everyone can relate” (Naghibi/O’Malley 9). Young Marjane is drawn at the beginning as an

Persepolis Essay

1759 words - 7 pages Persepolis Amazing, intriguing, and unimaginable are just a few words to describe how I felt about Persepolis while I read this true life story of Marjane Satrapi. This book has helped me to see all the life struggles, good times, and adversities that Marji faced between the ages of nine to thirteen. The Islamic Revolution had such a daunting effect in the Middle East, especially in the county of Iran where Marji and her family resided