"Mark Twain" On The Racism Essay

1714 words - 7 pages

Critics mentioned many views of theirs about Mark Twain and Huckleberry Finn in terms of many aspects of the novel. And the main discussion went around the two ideas about this work: if it is a racist work or not. Both sides have their own thesis; antithesis and causes to do this. So, in this essay, these views will be taken consideration under both in terms of textual and historical context.Mark twain, born in 1835, lived in an important age in which the slavery was a great topic of debating. So, huckleberry finn was analyzed in both sides who were those claim it is a racist or anti-racist/a satire on racism. If we look at the language Twain used such a language going beyond the satire which is disturbing and disdaining. He showed us them as objects and perpetuates stereotypes, mark twain holds the belief that some races are inherently better than others. The word "nigger" ,for instance, is the best support for this idea. And also in the novel everybody seems racist, even Huckleberry himself. At the same time , Jim "the nigger" is a stereotype character, and having religious taboos and superstitious believes which the white readers often laughs at. We should consider the age of this work written in: it is a age of slavery. America saw a civil war because of this. It is important take a short look at that age to understand the significance of slavery in the history of america and time of the work written in, which is actually the main support for those claiming this is a racist work.During the 1850's, the United States was one country, but divided into separate socities; the north and the south. These were the two main parts of the country. Their ideals and way of life were so different from each other that they had to fight to end this struggle. The south was an aristocratic society. It had many plantations of cotton and tobacco with many slaves working hard to produce these crops. The north, on the other hand, was becoming a more industrialised society. Many new cities were developing and they had factories in these cities, which produced goods more quickly and cheaply. The north was developing railroads which made it easier to trade the goods they produced. So it can be said that slavery was a huge part of southern society and production. But it was abolished in the north. Since the north was becoming such an industrialized society, it had no need for slavery. Namely, the debate on slavery caused the American civil war. At least, it was the one of the main issues which started it.Although all of these could be a proof that huckleberry Finn is a racist novel, we have many others for the anti-racist ideas as well which seems to me more reasonable and rational. I think it is a brilliant satire against racism in that age and region as well. There are two main process in the novel to support this; First, many subplots in the novel show a dislike against the peculiar institution of slavery and its place in the southern society. Second, Jim is an...

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