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Marquis De Sade Essay

3482 words - 14 pages

1. EinleitungDie Art des Marquis de Sade (sexuelle) Grausamkeiten mit philosophischen Ansätzen, sowie mit gesellschafts- und religionskritischen Punkten zu ver-setzen, ist in dieser Art sicherlich einzigartig. Die Faszination, die hiervon ausgeht ist unbestreitbar, sei sie hervorgebracht durch Ekel oder Bewunde-rung. Die Ungewissheit über die in seinen Werken beschriebenen Grausam-keiten erweisen sich als zusätzliches Dilemma für die Interpretation seiner Werke, da nicht mit Sicherheit gesagt werden kann, ob die Inhalte seiner Phantasie oder Erfahrung entspringen.Aus diesem Grunde soll im Folgenden veranschaulicht werden, inwieweit seine Werke sich auch in den Umständen seiner Zeit begründen lassen, wo-bei auch auf das Gottesverständnis der Zeit Bezug genommen werden soll.Es folgt nun zur Orientierung und zum besseren Verständnis meiner späte-ren Analyse ein kurzer Abriss des Lebens des Marquis de Sade.2. Kurzbiographie des Marquis de SadeMarquis de Sade wurde am 2. Juni 1740 als Donation Alphonse Francois in Paris geboren. Er war das Zweite Kind des Grafen de Sade und seiner Frau Marie Eléonore. Er ging zum Militärdienst, nachdem er aus fraglichen Gründen die Schule verlassen musste. Ihm haftete bereits als junger Mann ein schlechter Ruf an, er führe ein liederliches Leben, sei ein Spieler, besu-che "öffentliche Häuser" , verweigere dem König die Aufwartung und sprä-che eine ungehörige Sprache.Im Mai 1763 ging er seine erste Ehe ein und wurde 4 Monate später das erste Mal inhaftiert. Es folgten später zahlreiche andere Inhaftierungen. Er verbrachte insgesamt ca. 17 Jahre aus unterschiedlichen Gründen -zumeist aufgrund öffentlichen Ärgernisses bzw. Ausschweifungen- in Haft. Davon verbrachte er die Jahre 1784 - 1789 in der Bastille . Zwischen 1790 und 1801 lebte er in Freiheit , bevor er im Juli 1789 für zunächst 9 Monate in die Charenton eingewiesen wurde , wo er von 1801 bis zu seinem Tod einsässig war. Dennoch ist fraglich, ob de Sade selbst einen derart aus-schweifenden Lebensstil führte, wie er in seinen Werken propagierte.Seine äußere Erscheinung ist fraglich, da sie nur aus den unzähligen Poli-zeiberichten vermutet werden kann. Ein Porträt gibt es nicht. Von einem Arzt der Charenton wird er später als "vergrämter Edelmann" bezeichnet werden, den er nie zu seinen Werken fähig gerechnet hätte.Insgesamt schrieb de Sade neben zahlreichen Prosawerken 17 Dramen, dut-zende Tragödien, Komödien, Opern etc. Während seiner Zeit in Freiheit wurde nur eines seiner Theaterstücke zur Aufführung gebracht, wenn auch nur kurzzeitig. Erst in der Charenton hatte er die Gelegenheit zahlreiche Stücke auf die Bühne zu bringen. Aufgrund der Grausamkeit seiner Dar-stellungen wurden Publikationen jeglicher Art meist in Kürze verboten...

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