Marshall/Young Response Essay

833 words - 4 pages

When T.H. Marshall discusses citizenship, he breaks it down into three parts: civil, political, and social. He defines the civil part as “the rights necessary for individual freedom…” (148) and states that “the institutions most directly associated with civil rights are the courts of justice” (148). The political part of citizenship is “the right to participate in the exercise of political power…” (149) and he identifies the important institutions as parliament and bodies of local government. The social aspect of citizenship was the most broad including “the whole range from the right to a modicum of economic welfare and security to the right to share to the full in the social heritage and to live the life of a civilized being according to the standards prevailing in the society” (149). Social citizenship is connected to the educational system and social services.
When Marshall continues to discuss the history of citizenship and the social class system, he describes citizenship as “a principle of equality” (150) even though the capitalist society where he analyzes citizenship is built on inequality. The only way that citizenship can still be described as present and effective amidst capitalism is through Marshall’s breakdown of the three aspects of citizenship. Although capitalism fosters social inequalities, it promotes civil rights so that all citizens can effectively participate in the market economy. In this situation, however, Marshall describes the civil progress under capitalism as working against social rights because it was assumed that civil equality gave each citizen the means to provide their own social protection. This civil equality may seem like progress for citizenship but “the right to freedom of speech has little real substance if, from lack of education, you have nothing to say that is worth saying, and no means of making yourself heard if you say it” (151). Capitalist society may promote civil equality by giving more rights than were offered under feudalism, but without progress toward social equality as well those civil rights are meaningless.
Lack of social equality can also work against the “direct sense of community membership based on loyalty to a civilization which is a common possession” (151) that Marshall describes as necessary for citizenship. For citizens to want to be loyal to their political community, they need to feel that their community is giving something to them. Although people are given civil rights, many cannot fully exercise those rights so they do not feel the benefits from the community. Political...

Find Another Essay On Marshall/Young Response

Marijuana Essay

1934 words - 8 pages Marijuana A smoker would theoretically have to consume nearly fifteen hundred pounds of marijuana within about 15 minutes to induce a lethal response... In strict medical terms, marijuana is far safer than many of the foods we commonly consume. For example, eating ten raw potatoes can result in a toxic response. By comparison, it is physically impossible to eat enough marijuana to induce death." DEA Administrative Law Judge Francis L

Race for Nuclear Arms and Power

2009 words - 8 pages created, but instead Oppenheimer was forced to return to his academic life. On January 12, 1954, Secretary of State John Foster Dulles announced an administration policy of "massive retaliation" in response to communist attacks. Three months later on March 1, 1954, the United States tested a Hydrogen Bomb design on a tiny island in the Pacific called Bikini Atoll, part of the Marshall Islands. This was known as the "Bravo" test and unexpectedly

Violence and Pornography, pornography -- Sex or Subordination?

3761 words - 15 pages In the late Seventies, America became shocked and outragedby the rape, mutilation, and murder of over a dozen young,beautiful girls. The man who committed these murders, TedBundy, was later apprehended and executed. During hisdetention in various penitentiaries, he was mentallyprobed and prodded by psychologist and psychoanalystshoping to discover the root of his violent actions andsexual frustrations. Many theories arose in attempts toexplain

Timeline of The Civil Rights Movement

2715 words - 11 pages . Supreme Court in Sweatt v. Painter and Mclaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents. While the ruling in these cases did not overturn Plessy v. Ferguson, it did hold separate but equal must be in actuality legitimate. Failure to meet this standard resulted in the segregation being unconstitutional. For Thurgood Marshall, a former student of Houston and new chief counsel for the NAACP, this ruling would change the strategy of the NAACP’s Legal Defense

Brain Based Early Learning Programs: Education, Society, and National Policy

2319 words - 9 pages executive function in young children” have been submitted as measurable analysis (Bell, “A Psychobiological”; Bell and Fox; Calkins and Bell). The results demonstrated connections between EEG coherence representing frontal lobe and subsequent activity in the brain “and the ability to tolerate delay in delayed response tasks that focus on infants’ abilities to remember the spatial location of hidden objects” (Diamond), a task that is conditional to

Action Slips: Comfort in Forgetfulness

1004 words - 4 pages A woman plans a detour to do some grocery shopping on her way home, but instead her car seems to drive directly home "by itself." A young man returns home after a workout and tosses his sweaty T-shirt into the toilet. (This was not simply an aiming error. The laundry hamper, his intended target, was in another room.) A woman fills an electric coffeepot with water, plugs it in, and turns it on, but forgets to put in the coffee. A man leaves his

How Does Restorative Justice Work Within Nacro?

3978 words - 16 pages special laws, procedures, and philosophies determine the response to young offenders. Young offenders within Nacro are among those for whom cautioning and diversionary policies have been seen as the most appropriate forms of action. As mentioned earlier, Youth Referral Orders and Youth Offender Panels were introduced along with the Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act, 1999. The 'rehabilitative' approach was of particular prevalence for young

Alan Mulally: Inspiring Other Through Humanity

1937 words - 8 pages Mr. Mulally was introduced to Marshall Goldsmith a renowned executive coach and author of the book What Got You Here Won’t Get You There (Kiley, 2009). Through interviews of Mr. Mulally’s subordinates and peers, Marshall Goldsmith was able to pinpoint deficient areas in Mulallys leadership (Kiley, 2009). Two of which were that Mr. Mulally left too much of his team out of the loop and that Alan needed to check in more often in order to let his

Russia During the Cold War

1315 words - 6 pages History of Ideas. Ed. Maryanne Cline Horowitz. Vol. 2. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2005. 414-421.Student Resources In Context. Web. 24 Sept. 2013. "Russia." CultureGrams Online Database. ProQuest and Brigham Young University, 2013. Web. 16 Sept. 2013. "Russians." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Cultures and Daily Life. Ed. Timothy L. Gall and Jeneen Hobby. 2nd Ed. Vol. 5: Europe. Detroit: Gale, 2009. 413-424. Student Resources In Context. Web. 23 Sept. 2013. Torchinskiĭ, Oleg. Russia. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1994. Print.

The challenges involved in multi-agency approach of safeguarding children

3336 words - 13 pages for young people.In 2003 the government published the Every Child Matters Green paper (in response to the death of Victoria Climbe), five outcomes were introduced, and were nationally implemented into practice in order to meet children's well-being. This was extremely influencial as a driver for integrating services and quoted, "We have to do more both to protect children and ensure each child fulfils their potential," (Every Child Matters, 2003

Imaginary Companions In Child Development

1652 words - 7 pages particular function they fulfill for each child depends on the wishes and needs of the one who creates them (Hart & Zellars, 2006). How did imaginary friends get created? Starting from infancy children start with sensorimotor play which consists of only motor activity (Ungerer, Zelazo, Kearsley, & O'Leary, 1981). A young child that likes to shake a rattle to hear the sound is engaging in sensorimotor play. Infants also engage in imitation

Similar Essays

The Marshall Plan Generosity Or "American Imperialism"

1154 words - 5 pages side of the argument. An important example of this is the fact that 90% of the Marshall Plan aid was given to Western Europe in the form of grants, and not loans. This is important because it meant that all recipients of Marshall Plan aid would not automatically go into debt as a direct result, which is usually common practice in any foreign aid, such as the Dawes plan of 1924 and Young Plan of 1929 which supplied Loans to Weimar Germany. As a

The Powers Of The President That Truman Utilized.

1049 words - 4 pages during times of war and the Truman presidency was chock-full of war and similar struggles. The Truman Doctrine, The Marshall Plan, and the Point Four plan were put to action due to in large part to the President's common use of his inherent powers, and his powers as chief diplomat, chief executive and chief legislator. Truman also made attempts to make civil rights effective. His dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (actions

Research Methodology: Qualitative Methods Of Data Collection

2290 words - 9 pages this study, I used the following methods of data collection: direct observation, focus groups and a questionnaire. Next, I will discuss each of these methods as they relate to this study. Direct observation can be interpreted in many ways. Observation entails the systematic noting and recording of events, behaviors and artifacts in the social setting the research chooses (Marshall, 2004). For the purpose of this study, direct observation will

Eminem As A Good Idol W/ Bibliography

3009 words - 12 pages He's got three hit albums, a record-breaking movie, and his own record label. Marshall Mathers. Slim Shady. Eminem. If you said any of those names four years ago, the normal response would be "Who?" But if you were to mention this controversial young rapper's name now, nearly everyone could give you their opinion of him and his views. He is arguably the biggest superstar in rap history, and also one of the most controversial. He is not afraid so