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Martial Law In The Past And Present

788 words - 4 pages

Martial law is the imposition of military power instituted by a government in times of an emergency, when the standard civilian law enforcement agencies are unable to maintain public order and safety. During times of martial law, certain civil liberties may be suspended, such as freedom from searches and seizures, freedom of association, and freedom of movement. The play “Pagsambang Bayan” is a theatrical presentation of martial law that still has implications today, particularly with the recent Congressional decision to allow President Obama an expansion of power through martial law during 2014.
In September 1972 Ferdinand Marcos imposed martial law on the Philippines as the last defense ...view middle of the document...

“Pasambang Bayan” was acclaimed as the one of the most daring critiques of martial law when it was first staged in 1977 because it challenged the military regime present in the Philippines. It dared to speak out on the issues and struggles of peasants, workers, urban-poor, indigenous peoples, women, youth and professionals. It highlights the struggle for justice, peace, and freedom for the common folk during a time of government oppression. Furthermore, it tackled issues such as the killing of freedom and democracy, wanton violations of human rights and loss of human dignity, government corruption and the insatiable greed of those who are in power. The play “Pagsambang Bayan,” translated to People’s Worship, helped facilitate this process of political awakening.
In the United States, martial law has been instituted on the national level only once, during the Civil War, and on a regional level only once, during World War II. Otherwise, it has been limited to the states. Uprisings, political protests, labor strikes, and riots have, at various times, caused several state governors to declare some measure of martial law. The beginning of 2014, 85 of 100 senators voted in favor of a new version of the National Defense Authorization Act, which allows the government to arrest and detain American citizens suspected of terrorist actions against the United States government. Under this rule the citizen would lose...

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