This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Martin And Malcolm Essay

2156 words - 9 pages

Although Martin Luther King and Malcolm X both provided exceptional leadership during the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960's, both took different paths in fighting for African American rights. The two, separately, were the defining figures of the 1960's black freedom struggle. On one side, you had a comfortable middle-class family southern Baptist: King, who advocated nonviolence learned through the studying of Gandhi juxtaposed with X, advocating social awareness who learned by experiencing injustice in society while studying lessons on Islam and black power. Popular understanding has King on top of the list as the more influential leader during the Civil Rights Movement but is this really the case? Through the study of analyzing each childhood, rhetoric, and impact considering speeches like King's I Have a Dream speech given during the March on Washington and X's critique of the March on Washington in Message to the Grassroots, I hope to prove that Malcolm X's "nightmare” radical view is often misinterpreted and deemed radical yet still proved to be as equally important as Martin Luther King Jr's "dream” in the fight for black freedom. Lastly, showing that these two men not as polar opposites, but as two leaders who disagreed on method, but were in agreement on the outcome ultimately moving the American nation towards the goal of justice for all.
Before we can truly value what great importance both Martin Luther King and Malcolm X contributed not only to the 1960's but modern day America we must first look at their upbringing. Martin and Malcolm grew up in vastly different environments. Comparing their lives provides a clue to the radical differences on the view of America later in their lives.
Martin, who was born in Atlanta Georgia, was raised in a middle class family where education was stressed. He was the child of Baptist minister who grew up in a family that encouraged him to notice and respond to injustices. Also, even though he grew up in the segregated Jim Crow south encounters with racial discrimination were mild but formative. According to James Cone, in his book, Martin and Malcolm and America, home and church were the most important influences upon the early life of Martin. In both contexts, he was "introduced to the integrationist values of protest, accommodation, self-help, and optimism." Martin was a very bright student who skipped both the 9th and 12th grades allowing him to enroll in college when he was only fifteen years old. He attended Morehouse College earning a bachelor's in Sociology At last; Martin received his PhD in Systematic Theology from Boston University. According to Cone, it seemed that King's life was socially, religiously, and educationally shaped so that his proclamation of the "American Dream" seemed inevitable
Malcolm, on the other hand, had a much darker childhood. Malcolm's social, educational, and religious upbringing was not as fortunate as Martin's. Malcolm was the child of political...

Find Another Essay On Martin and Malcolm

Comparing Martin Luther King and Malcolm X

1247 words - 5 pages Comparing Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Martin Luther King and Malcolm X are to diverse individuals with two opposite personalities but both successfully succeeded in achieving freedom and bringing equality to black Americans discriminated against for many years even after the abolishment of slavery. Martin Luther King was born in 1929, in Georgia, Atlanta. Unlike the other black people in the southern states he

Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

876 words - 4 pages Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X both talk about the oppression that the black community suffered, and they defended their positions and their thoughts. Martin Luther King Jr. expressed himself very politely in his Letter from Birmingham City Jail. He used the Bible as a reference to what he was doing. In his letter he was referring to the clergymen, these were men of God; Martin Luther King Jr. used the Bible to defend his fight

Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X philosophies

625 words - 3 pages Malcolm X didn‘t. He preached a change that African Americans would grow but only through nonviolence. Martin Luther King’s philosophy made more sense for America in the 1960’s because it pushed America forward, it stopped killings through nonviolence and love, and it called to make everyone equal and together. Although Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X seem to have mutual respect and warmth, their philosophies were quite different from each

Comparing and Contrasting Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. & Malcolm X

2117 words - 8 pages Numerous leaders have made tremendous impacts throughout the history of the world. In this essay, I will compare and contrast the lives and philosophies of civil rights activists Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X were prominent leaders during the Civil Rights Era. They both had very different philosophies and methods on the racial emancipation of African-Americans. Despite their differences, they

Comparative Rhetorical Analysis: Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

1343 words - 5 pages Speeches are a method of persuading people to do something. For Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X, their speeches were to bring equality for the people of color. However, their approaches are different. Consequently, the effects may be different. An example of their contrasting differences is a speech from each, King’s “I Have a Dream” and X’s “The Black Revolution”. Their speeches used pathos, a central metaphor, and a warning, but was

Comparing Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X

2885 words - 12 pages During the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960’s in the United States, Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X had different methods and philosophies for trying to accomplish the very similar goal of civil rights for African Americans. Although Martin Luther King, Jr. had a philosophy of non-violence and racial integration and Malcolm X believed violence might be necessary and believed in racial separation, the two leaders had a lot in common

American Civil Rights Leaders: Martin Luther King and Malcolm X

2136 words - 9 pages American Civil Rights LeadersThere are many leaders who promoted equality for African- Americans. Two most notable leaders of the Civil Rights Movement include Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X. The Civil Rights Movement in the United States was a political, legal, and social struggle by black Americans to gain full citizenship rights and to achieve racial equality. The civil rights movement was first and foremost a challenge to segregation

Differences Between Martin Luther King and Malcolm X

1082 words - 4 pages Many black authors and leaders of the sixties shared similar feelings towards the white run American society in which they lived. Malcolm X, James Baldwin, Martin Luther King, and Stokely Carmichael all blamed the whites for the racism which existed. However, they agreed that it was up to the black society to end this problem. Using the black society, each of the authors had their own idea of how racism could be stopped

Comparison Of Malcolm X And Martin Luthur King

1900 words - 8 pages Comparing Malcolm x to martin Luthur kingThey were black men who had a dream, but never lived to see it fulfilled. One was a man who spoke out to all humanity, but the world was not yet ready for his peaceful words. "I have a dream, a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed... that all men are created equal." (Martin Luther King) The other, a man who spoke of a violent revolution, which would bring

The Differing Methods And Aims Of Malcolm X And Martin Luther King

895 words - 4 pages The Differing Methods And Aims Of Malcolm X And Martin Luther King The methods of Malcolm X and martin Luther King were very different but they shared the same basic aim, to improve the lives of black Americans. Possibly these differences in both aims and methods comes from the differences in the way they were raised, Malcolm X was born Marcus Little in Omah, Nebr. Malcolm X's father was a follower of Marcus Garvey

Why Black Activists Rejected Martin Luther King and Follwed Malcolm X

1045 words - 4 pages Two main black activist leaders of the early 1950's were Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. Today, both of these men would be remembered as 'great leaders'.However, these two men had totally different approaches towards meeting the same main goal. Both Martin Luther King and Malcolm X fought for civil rights; however Malcolm X also wanted to have a separate black society whereas Martin Luther "wanted the

Similar Essays

Gandhi, And Martin, And Malcolm, Oh My!

818 words - 4 pages . He successfully boycotted buses for over a year and was the youngest man to ever win a Nobel Peace Prize. He won freedom for African-Americans in the U.S. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. died on April 4th, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee, his assassin was convicted in 1999. But, wherever there are supporters, there are those who disregard. One such man was Malcolm “X” Little. Malcolm was a man who would achieve freedom “by any means” necessary. After his

Malcolm X And Martin Luther King, Jr

1475 words - 6 pages Malcolm X and Martin Luther King, Jr.      African Americans are fortunate to have leaders who fought for a difference in Black America. Martin Luther King, Jr. and Malcolm X are two powerful men in particular who brought hope to blacks in the United States. Both preached the same message about Blacks having power and strength in the midst of all the hatred that surrounded them. Even though they shared the same dream of equality for their

Martin Luther Kings Jr. And Malcolm X

2207 words - 9 pages Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X grew up in different environments. King was raised in a comfortable middle-class family where education was stressed. On the other hand, Malcolm X came from and underprivileged home. He was a self-taught man who received little schooling and rose to greatness on his own intelligence and determination. Martin Luther King was born into a family whose name in Atlanta was well established. Despite segregation

Martin Luther King And Malcolm X

607 words - 2 pages Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X had a common purpose for African Americans; justice and equality. Illustrated through their speeches, Martin Luther King Jr’s “I Have a Dream” and Malcolm X’s “Talk to Young African Americans”, the two did not share techniques or ideas. Yet both men had the support of millions and millions of people. One of the worlds best known advocates of non-violent social change strategies was Martin Luther King Jr. He