Martin Luther, the founding father of Protestantism, was born on November 10, 1843, in Eisleben – once a Saxon town but now located in the Saxony-Anhalt region of Germany – to parents Hans and Margarethe Luder (Luther). At the age of seven his never-ending journey to find a greater understanding of life and religion had begun. His parents had enrolled him in different schools around Mansfield, Magdeburg, and Eisenach where he would study the trivium: grammar, rhetoric, and logic. Also, Luther was expected to understand the basics of Christianity which may have been the key experience that lead him into a life of religious understanding.
In 1501, he began his studies at the ...view middle of the document...
Almost a month later, his father arrived with a large group to witness his first Mass. After the Mass, Hans Luther questioned his son as to why he joined the monastery. Hans Luther nearly convinced his son that joining the church and leaving the university was a sin against his parents and God. This conflict haunted young Luther for much of his life and further restricted his relationship with his father, causing him to seek a fatherly figure elsewhere.
Around ten years after this occurrence, as Luther explored his faith alongside the scriptures, he began to see that the church was operating in a wrongful manner compared to what he had learned in his studies. A common practice of the church during this time was offering indulgences to people who needed healing of the soul. Luther disagreed with the practice of selling false salvation. The apostle Paul had said people needed to find their salvation, “in fear and trembling,” and Luther couldn’t believe this could be done with a purchased indulgence. In order to start debate and hopefully inflict change on the church, Luther prepared the famous 95 theses to discuss many of the problems associated with the church.
Luther also became known for his views against taking vows to the church and practicing priestly celibacy on biblical terms. He believed that taking vows to the church was an admirable practice if done for the right reasons. Simply taking the vows to earn salvation through actions was a sinful act in the eyes of Luther. Therefore, he believed that taking vows to join the church was unnecessary and priests should be allowed to marry. Luther found a partner in Katherine von Bora, one of the eleven nuns he helped escape from the Nimmschen convent two years prior. They were married in the sight of God on June 13, 1525, and received their marriage blessing on June 27 shortly after. Within ten years, they had six children but only four had survived. The family appeared happy even through tough times when a third child died. At this point Luther even began to question his faith but he eventually came out of his depression.
Nearing the end of his life, Luther began a mission to spread Christianity to those who didn’t practice, mainly the Jews. His theme was based on rabbis speaking negatively about the Virgin Mary and Jesus. He spent much of this time preaching to and attempting to convert as many Jews as he could and telling Christians that they should forgive the converted Jews. For those who didn’t convert, he was assisted by people in positions of authority to drive them out. After they were banished however, many Jews settled in Luther’s homeland which angered him greatly. After traveling around for some time preaching to the Jews, Luther became sick in the night of February 17, 1546, and died shortly after.
Martin Luther had a very strained relationship with his father. The negative attributes didn’t come until later in Luther’s young adulthood. Marty writes...