Martin Luther And The Catholic Reformation

2795 words - 11 pages

Primarily one man brought out the reformation that occurred in the 16th century. This one man is Martin Luther. He changed the whole political and judicial status through his teachings and beliefs that he boldly voiced and argued throughout his lifetime. Among these controversial ideas were his 95 theses, which changed the Catholic Church. Without the work of Martin Luther, education, economy and life would not be the same today. He had such great influence in Western Europe that not even the most powerful pope of the time could discourage or eradicate him. He had valuable and powerful allies on his side and, many people who helped out in his fight against the corrupt and rapacious church of the time. He refused to be quiet and pushed his beliefs throughout Germany until he got results. He changed society and the way that people are to live through his teachings and writings. Along with the help of several others who believed the same ideas, Luther changed and shaped middle-aged Europe.The way that Martin Luther began his religious fighting was when the church was in a time of decline. There was an extreme amount of technological advances that happened all at one time. These advances brought an upset to the present political and ideological senses. Along with a new discovery there always comes anxiety and problems. The creation and discovery of the compass proved people's beliefs wrong that the world was square. They had been betrayed by the previous teachings of a square world. This lead to the church's demise, that the church was not right and that it was preaching false information. From this example people begin to ponder if the information taught in the congregation is true or false, thus losing dependency and trust in the church. Also, there was Columbus' trip to America, which contributed to new ideas, inventions and discoveries. The new ideas, inventions and discoveries lead to an outbreak and hunger for humanism. Humanism started to become very popular, there was an urgency to become educated, and because of this urgency to become educated a majority of people strayed from the church. Church demise is heightened in 1309 by the exile in Avignon. Pope Clement hid out at Avignon with other popes until 1378. While in exile at Avignon and all they did was give orders while they were away. They sat out and dictated from far away, bossing people around. There was also the Great Schism, which contributed to the church demise. The Great Schism occurs in1378 to 1415. It begins when Gregory XI dies and the French cardinals are to elect a new pope. They choose the wrong pope because he doesn't do what they say and threatens to fill the government with Italians. The Cardinals decide to flee Rome and go to France, and while in France they cancel Urban VI as pope and choose a new French pope. The display of the corruption of politics and pope judgment sways the people's trust in the Catholic Church yet again. The church was also selling indulgences,...

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