Martin Luther King Essay

990 words - 4 pages

Throughout time there have been many great protestors who have made significant changes to the way the world is today, some for the better and some for the worse. One of the most effective and important protestors was a man by the name of Martin Luther King Jr. He had great courage and passion to defeat segregation and racism that existed in the United States. It was due to his influence on all the Blacks to defy white supremacy and his belief in non-violent protest methods that lead to the success of the Civil Rights movement.Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 19, 1929 in Atlanta to Albert and Martin Luther King Sr. He was the second child in the family, with an older sister and a younger brother yet to come. As a boy King was extremely clever, he had already set high standards for himself by saying that he would finish school before his year older sister.He was exposed to racism at a early age when he was not allowed to play with some of his white friends. However it was his father who I believe played the most important role in determining Kings personality. Martin Luther King Sr. helped to support the idea that Blacks should vote. He was involved with the National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People, an important Civil Rights group. These efforts to improve the way of life for Blacks could be seen by his son who, later in life would make considerable changes to a Black persons way of living.One of the main changes King strived to make was for everyone to be treated as one, no matter what the colour of their skin. This is appropriately said in one of his most famous speeches of all time "I Have a Dream" where he said "...I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character..."(www.usconstitution.net Mount, S). He utilized his public speaking ability and soon had thousands of followers, Black and White, who began the Civil Rights Movement, a group which protested against black and white segregation. King was a firm believer in non-violent protesting, once saying, "First and foremost, we are American citizens... We are not here advocating violence... The only weapon that we have is the weapon of protest... The great glory of American democracy is the right to protest for right" (World Book Online). Some of the methods he successfully used were sit-ins, marches and boycotts.On December 1, 1955, a black woman by the name of Rosa Parks refused to surrender her seat on a bus to a white man. Two policemen arrested her and took her to the police station where she was charged. On December 5th, the day of Rosa Park's hearing, King and fifty other citizens held a meeting and agreed to start a...

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