Martin Luther King Jr Essay

1810 words - 8 pages

Martin Luther King Jr, was born on January 15, 1929. His parents were Martin Luther

King, Sr. and Alberta Williams King. His mother was a teacher taught Martin how to read at a

young age. His father was a preacher and had a significant impact on his life. Martin Luther had

two siblings he was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. His

grandfather and then his father bother served as the pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in

Atlanta, Georgia. Martin became both a Baptist minister, civil rights activist, and had a

significant impact on race relations in the United States (The Autobiography).

Growing up in Atlanta, King attended Booker T. Washington High ...view middle of the document...

The couple wed in June of 1953 and settled in Montgomery, Alabama, where King

became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church. The couple had four children, Yolanda,

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Martin Luther King III, Dexter Scott, and Bernice (Becoming King).

“The King family had been living in Montgomery for less than a year when the highly

segregated city became the epicenter of the burgeoning struggle for civil rights in America.”

( On March 2, 1955, a 15-year-old girl refused to give up her seat to a white man

on a Montgomery city bus in violation of local law. The police arrested her and took her to jail.

The NAACP investigated the problem and felt they had an excellent test case to challenge

Montgomery’s segregated bus policy. Later revealed pregnant though, civil rights leaders feared

this would be less credible in the eyes of whites. On December 1, 1955, they got another chance

to make their case. Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white passenger on a

Montgomery bus and was arrested and booked for violating the Montgomery city Code. At her

trial a week later, in a 30-minute hearing, Parks was found guilty and fined $10 and assessed $4

court fee. On the night that Rosa Parks was arrested, E.D. Nixon, head of the local NAACP

chapter met with Martin Luther King Jr. and other local civil rights leaders to plan a city wide

bus boycott. King elected to lead the bus boycott because he was young, well-trained with

outstanding leadership qualities. He had a good reliable family connections and was

professional. This went on for 382 days of non-stop violence and intimidation towards the

Montgomery’s African American community. After being defeated in several lower court

ruling and suffering large financial losses, the city of Montgomery lifted the law mandating

segregated public transportation. In the same year that the bus boycott ended King’s house was

later bombed by angry white’s intent on killing King. They were unsuccessful, and King was

fine, but they did not stop him from protesting (Becoming King).

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In the spring of 1963, Martin Luther King Jr. organized a demonstration in downtown

Birmingham, Alabama. Standing on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial- a monument to the

president who a century earlier had brought down the institution of slavery in the United States;

it was here King made his famous “I Have a Dream” speech, emphasizing his belief that

someday all mean could be brothers. Congress was encouraged to pass the bill that president

Kennedy had created. Attended by some 200,000 to 300,000 participants, the event is widely

regarded as a moment in history of the American civil rights movement. The March one

significant victory in congress by 1964 when congress proceeded to pass the civil rights bill that

Kennedy had created, before his death. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was formed, and it

prohibited racial discrimination in public places and called for...

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