Martin Luther King Jr. The Face Of The Civil Rights Movement

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The world was shocked when Martin Luther King Jr. stepped up to protest unfair civil policies in the United States. King gained civil rights for African Americans and other minority groups. He was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia, the second child of Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Mrs. Alberta Williams King. As a child, King faced racial discrimination from his white peers. As King grew older, he married Coretta Scott and had four children; he was also a reverend. “He was one of the greatest orators in American history and could stir the masses with his biblical cadences” (Sullivan 47). King changed America by advocating civil rights.
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The SCLC was dedicated to gaining civil rights peacefully. King was made the president of this organization. King and his family moved back to Atlanta, where he continued his work on promoting civil rights and became co-pastor alongside his father in the Ebenezer Baptist Church. King traveled back to Birmingham to lead peaceful protesting. “On April 12, 1963, police surrounded the marchers. Hundreds were grabbed and taken to jail. King was locked in a dark jail cell alone for a week” (Winget 27.) He wrote “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, an important document defending the civil rights movement of America. On August 28, 1963, King led around 200,000 to 300,000 African Americans and whites in the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. It ended with King’s “I Have a Dream” speech, delivered on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Almost a month later on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was shot in Dallas, Texas. President Lyndon B. Johnson, Kennedy’s successor, signed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and later the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Standing up, sitting in, and protesting peacefully helped Martin Luther King fight for...

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