Martin Luther King's Speech in Jobs and Freedom
Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech was presented during the
‘Jobs and Freedom’ March, which was held on 28th August, 1963 near the
Lincoln Memorial in Washington. The march was supported by over 250
000 people and was a great success. About one third of the crowd was
white. That day several speeches were delivered however, Martin Luther
King’s “I Have a Dream” was and still is one of the most powerful and
moving speeches. His speech was broadcasted on TV and published in
newspapers. The march itself is still considered to be a very powerful
event in the history of America’s civil rights.
In his speech, Martin Luther King spoke of the injustice and
discrimination of the different races, especially the black race. He
said how they were segregated from the white community and mistreated
because of their skin color “-the life of the Negro is still sadly
crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of
discrimination.”He spoke of how long the ‘Negro’s’ have fought for
justice and that they will keep fighting until they were ‘satisfied’.
He also mentioned the voting policies in USA, which only allowed 2% of
the black people to vote whereas 42% of the population was black.
He hoped all men to be treated equally and justly, “We hold these
truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.” He
didn’t believe in violence and hoped to achieve their rights and
places in society in a peaceful and ‘disciplined’ manner.
There were several positive responses to his idea of achieving their
civil rights peacefully. In 1964, he was awarded the very prestigious
Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent approaches to end the
discrimination against the Negroes. He was also title the 1963 Man of
the Year by the Time Magazine for the powerful speech and
demonstration in Washington. Many articles saw him as a powerful
‘symbol of a land of freedom’.
A respondent in 1993, named Julian Bond was a civil rights movement
participant and a student of Martin Luther King and she wrote that-
"King's dramatic 1963 'I Have a Dream' speech before the Lincoln
Memorial cemented his place as first among equals in civil rights
leadership; from this first televised mass meeting, an American
audience saw and heard the unedited oratory of America's finest
preacher, and for the first time, a mass white audience heard the
undeniable justice of black demands"
The march was for ‘jobs and freedom’ of the Negroes and soon the
results of the protests were showing. John F. Kennedy who was the
president at that time, later tried to create a civil rights bill to
end the segregation of the races. However, it wasn’t fulfilled due to
his assassination but Lyndon B. Johnson the new president solidified
the bill with the Congress and...