Martin Luther almost single handedly lead the Protestant Reformation
with his 95 Theses. A strict father who most likely did not accept “no” as an
answer raised Martin Luther. Martin Luther turned out to follow in his
footsteps in his fervor to change how a church teaches and practices
Christianity. While the pope and the Catholic Church shunned Luther he took
that time to create something that would be the foundation for the founding
fathers and the empire that the United States would become.
After studying the work of Augustine, Luther used his basic ideas to help
form how he thought Christianity should be practiced. During Luther’s life the
people looked toward the religious officials such as the bishops, priests, and the
pope for guidance. Augustine said that religion should be more centered around the
bible rather than religious officials, and Luther soaked in that theory and made it
into much of what Christianity is today.
Luther believed that it was basically blasphemy to sell indulgences and made
it evident that he believed this. He thought that God would forgive one if forgiveness
through Him was sought, also in faith alone rather than doing good deeds in life.
Luther actually debated with Cardinal Thomas Cajetan about his 95 theses for three
days before returning back to the castle that he was currently living at. The 95
theses was a number of provocative statements or questions directed towards the
Catholic Church. Many of these questions were directed toward indulgences.
In the 1500s Luther was seen as a radical and a heretic. The Pope
excommunicated him and even ordered for his works to be burned. Luther did not
have quit in his veins though, and continued his works. Without Luther’s heart and
faith Christianity may have never formed to be what it is today (History.com Staff).
In 1562 the French religious wars began and although it was mainly over
religion there were many other reasons for the war. Catherine de’ Medici attempted
to avoid violence and battle by allowing the practice of Protestantism, although
limited, she still allowed for it to happen. During the first war the protestant leaders
showed great speed and were able to get things together more hastily than their
Catholic enemies. They attacked and took over areas that were the more valuable
such as waterways, roads, and highways. During this time Conde decided to make
Orleans his main headquarters. The battle of Dreux was the most significant battle
and the Catholics caught Conde while the Protestants retreated to Orleans relatively
safely. During this time war was slowing down and the Catholic leader proposed a
settlement where the Protestants had some more freedom but not yet technically
During the second war in 1567 Catherine began trying to unite forces in
Bayonne. Catherine had the Spanish troops march along the Spanish Road which led
from Italy to Flanders and this...