Martin Luther: Reformer Or Revolutionist? Essay

916 words - 4 pages

Martin Luther had a problem with the Roman Catholic Church and his grievances against the Church arose gradually throughout his life. His main objection was over the selling of indulgences, which led to the completion of his Ninety-Five Theses. The Ninety-Five Theses was an indictment of the wrong doings of the Roman Catholic Church, particularly the widespread practice of selling indulgences in association with the sacrament of penance. Luther's beliefs on the matter were that after confession, absolution relied upon the sinner's faith and God's will alone rather than the intervention of a priest. (Rogers 420) But when Luther nailed his Ninety-five Theses to the door of the church at Wittenberg, he didn't know that he would be establishing another religion known as Protestantism. Luther's main changes dealt with the sacraments, justification by faith alone, Christian nobility, and spiritual liberty and servitude. Luther may have been a reformist in the fact that he wanted to change the ways of the Church, but since the Church did not want change and he still forced the issue, he became a revolutionist.For Luther, the Eucharist of Lord's supper was really a symbolic act rather than an actual instance of transubstantiation in which the bread and wine actually become the body and blood of Christ. According to the Church, the bread and wine may have the appearance of such, but their inner substances have literally become the flesh and blood of Christ. This was the magical aspect to this sacrament, which Luther could not accept. As Luther saw it, no sacrament is effective by itself without the Word of God associated with the sacrament. Consequently, Luther's teachings on the sacraments took away the power of the priests and the special nature of the Eucharist. The power of the clergy could not exist if Luther's concepts were to be accepted because the principal sacrament of the Roman Catholic Church is the Eucharist, which only the clergy could perform. The Catholic mass depends completely on these concepts of transubstantiation so Luther was taking a major risk is speaking out against the long-standing ways of the Roman Catholic Church. Luther generated the belief that this sacrament is a commemoration, through which the clergy and communicants raise their spirits by symbolically remembering Christ's life and death. However, this idea was heresy so far as the Church was concerned. For Luther to take this position required considerable courage on his part due to the fact he was facing a religious force of great strength and authority, the Roman Catholic Church.Martin Luther brought forth his doctrine about Christianity on the justification...

Find Another Essay On Martin Luther: Reformer or Revolutionist?

The Life and Work of Martin Luther

1736 words - 7 pages , relational god. Upon learning Johann Tetzel, a Dominican priest, had been selling indulgences (a document of the forgiveness of sins or lightening of a sentence in purgatory), Martin Luther wrote a letter to the bishops of the church concerning the wrongdoings of the authorities and unbiblical doctrine. The bishops took too long to reply for Luther, so on October 31, 1517, Luther nailed the same letter, which came to be known as The Ninety-Five

Three main events that changed Matin Luthers Life

629 words - 3 pages still might believe that the Pope is always right. The Ninety-Five Theses started the fire for Luther to tell others about God. Luther’s trip to Rome taught him that nothing is perfect. The Diet of Wurms taught Luther that God was with him everywhere and in every circumstance no matter what. Martin Luther was greatly changed by writing the Ninety-Five Theses, traveling to Rome, and attending the Diet of Wurms.BibliographyvMcHugh, J. Michael, Morrison J. A. Martin Luther The Great Reformer. Christian Liberty Press. Arlington Heights, Illinois, 2007


1277 words - 6 pages , the Pope threatened Luther to stop or face excommunication. Martin did not conform and in 1521 Martin was excommunicated by the Pope. Hence the beginning of the Lutheran Religion. In the beginning people did not initially want to be called Lutherans they like to be referred to as Evangelicals but their opponents called them Lutheran’s after the reformer Martin Luther, and the name stuck. As far as the important rituals and sacraments in the

Martin Luther the Evangelical Educator

1768 words - 8 pages sacraments were the backbone of the medieval Church and were one of the many beliefs that cause the split among the reformers and the clergy. Many of the reformers came from the clergy. One such reformer, would later form the Lutheran church, his name was Martin Luther (1483-1546 C.E.). Luther became a reluctant radical during the Reformation, when he issued his 95 Theses (one of Luther’s disputations in 1517) as a reaction to the practices of

Martin Luther and the Protestant Reformation

620 words - 2 pages about the church and its importance in their life. Then, because the church was not so dominating, people felt free to learn about new lands. During this time, technology became more advanced. Martin Luther started the Reformation against the Catholic Church. Martin Luther was German theologian and religious reformer, who started the Protestant Reformation and biblical scholar and linguist whose Ninety-five These, an attack on various

The Reformation

2247 words - 9 pages A reformation is often defined as the action of change for improvement. The Protestant Reformation is a movement that began in 1517, which split the unity of the Western Church; and later established Protestantism. The three main factors that impacted the reformation were political, sociological and theological. Martin Luther and John Calvin, two protestant Reformers who reformed Catholicism, strived to define salvation and impact the church as

Martin Luther The Great Emancipator of Human History - The History of Martin Luther and his role in the Protestant Revolt - Works Cited Included

2853 words - 11 pages Introduction"When I die, I want to be a ghost, so I can continue to pester the bishops until they have more trouble with a dead Martin Luther then they could have had with 1000 living ones" - Martin Luther (3)"Stand up for what you believe", "All of us are precious in the sight of God", "...God, it's me again...". These are common phrases for our time, but in order for this belief system to be passed onto us, a man named Martin Luther was

Martin Luther

1802 words - 7 pages Martin Luther Martin Luther (November 10, 1483 - February 18, 1546) was a Christian theologian, Augustinian monk, professor, pastor, and church reformer whose teachings inspired the Lutheran Reformation and deeply influenced the doctrines of Protestant and other Christian traditions. Luther began the Protestant Reformation with the publication of his Ninety-Five Theses on October 31, 1517. In this publication, he attacked the Church's sale of

Development of Lutheranism

579 words - 2 pages Throughout the sixteenth century, Europe was plagued with both religious and political unrest. The practices and doctrines of the western Christian (Roman Catholic) Church were being directly challenged by reformers who wanted to reshape the Church to reflect their own specific religious beliefs. Particularly, the reform beliefs of Martin Luther and John Calvin soon gained widespread popularity as their ideas spread throughout the German states

Why Black Activists Rejected Martin Luther King and Follwed Malcolm X

1045 words - 4 pages successful and suitable Changes made for blacks, aided by Martin Luther King. Although buses were no longer segregated, the majority of restaurants and shops had 'whites only" signs in their window, indicating that black people were not allowed in these places. Protests and rebellions against these places were mostly unsuccessful and the protestors were usually arrested or beaten After these groups of protestors received

Comparing Martin Luther and Jean Calvin

1924 words - 8 pages execute the plans himself. Martin Luther secretly wanted to reform the Church at this time, and many thought that “The 95 Theses” was just a starting point to the Reformation. No one today or back then knows if Luther in fact posted “The Disputation of Martin Luther on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences” on the church door in Wittenberg. Many believe this would make perfect sense because if people want something to be read or heard, they would

Similar Essays

The Life Of Martin Luther, The German Reformer

1569 words - 6 pages Martin Luther was born in Saxony, Germany in 1483 A.D. He attended the University of Erfurt where he had received his B.A and M.A degrees by 1505 A.D. He intended to pursue a professional career in law. He was nearly struck by a lighting bolt in 1501 A.D and declared “St Anne, save me! And I will

This Essay Contains The Differences And Similiarties Of These Two Great Men's Speeches: "I Have A Dream" By Martin Luther King And "The Ballot Or The Bullet" By Malcolm X

1671 words - 7 pages words, which make the speech more of a rhythmical speech e.g. (I have a dream, Now is the time, or let freedom ring..), one of the reasons for this could be that Martin Luther King is a minister, and ministers do rhyme their words, when they deliver a speech etc. He talks to people's Ethos (Credibility), hence he has good argumentations and worth to listen to, he also uses Pathos (Emotional) - because he brings some metaphorical phrases where he

Global Issues Class "A Letter From A Birmingham Prison" By Martin Luther King: Was Dr. King Right Or The Pastors?

619 words - 2 pages removing humiliating signs and as he states "as some weeks and months went by, we realized that we were victims of a broken promise." These humiliating signs were either put back up or no one took them down in the first place. The pastors criticize King and his associates that the action they made was untimely and King responds back with waiting for someone to do something would take forever. He questioned the pastors how long will we tell our

Untitled Essay

1302 words - 5 pages Book Report #1 Martin Luther The Great Reformer By: J. A. Morrison Revised & Edited by: Michael J. McHugh On November 10, 1483, Martin Luther was born. His parents were Hans and Margaret Luther. Martin came from a poor family. The Luther's were Germans. They lived in the Thuringian Mountains near Eisleben. Martin Luther was still a small baby when his parents moved from Eisleben to Mansfeld, where his father found work in the mines. Martin