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Marx And Engels’ Critiques Of The Capitalist Societies Of Their Time

2418 words - 10 pages

Now days Karl Marx is still consider one of the most significant and influential thinkers of all times. Karl Marx with the help of Engel’s, which was also a political philosopher were the fathers of communist or socialism which was almost establish successfully in Russia. They provided a complex and philosophical analysis of capitalist societies which is still influencing major changes in the societies. Marx opposed to the principles of capitalism and considers that it was an economic system control by labours who exchanged their land labour for money. Also Engels and Marx argued about the exploitation of working class and the interests of the capitalists that affect proletarian. The alienation of man is another reason for Marx to be against capitalism that make human beings denied their true nature. Since old times there was the division of classes, where Marx and Engels opposed to it, because in capitalist societies lead to unequal division of income and welfare. In modern capitalist societies, the critiques of Marx still seems to be relevant, as there is the division of classes and the unequal share and welfare exist until now most seen in countries such as Britain or United States.
Marx view in the capitalist society is that capitalism is an economic system where production is done on by employees working with several means of production which belong to their employer. Engels and Marx view is that capitalism is a dividing class society, where people are separated into different classes. In a capitalist society there are two categories of persons, the ones who possess effective private property and the others who have no property. In ‘The Communist Manifesto’ Marx describe the former capital as bourgeoisie and the latter wage labour as proletariat. In addition the capitalist system the private property includes the means of industrial productions such as factories and machineries (A.Dahrendorf, 1959). Furthermore Marx mentions in ‘Capital’ within a capitalist society in order to increase the productive power of labour it causes the cost of individual labourer. Capitalism turns people into machines of labour and work leads to torture instead of pleasure. (capital from marx) Also Marx thought of capitalism as a production that did not have any primary aim of produce use-value for human beings and satisfied all of classes needs.
Marx theory of labour was that capitalists take advantages of the workers, where first of all in order to understand the critiques of Marx, people should be acknowledging of how capitalist societies work. In capitalist societies there is labour power and exchange of money, where wage-workers sell to capital. In this system, capitalists buy labour with money and sell their labour in exchange of money. However in reality what they actual sell to capitalists for money is their labour power. Therefore labour in capitalism is the worker’s own life activity, where he sells his services to other capitalists and work...

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