The changes which arose by way of the Industrial Revolution had a significant and long-term impact on the economy, the political arena, and society. Because of all the negative changes caused by industrialization and urbanization the Europeans wanted and needed answers on how to deal with these changes. Society was now divided into different classes the upper-middle class (wealthy) and the lower class (working), “Although reform organizations grew rapidly in the 1830s and 1840s, many Europeans found them insufficient to answer the questions raised by industrialization and urbanization” (Hunt 703). The rich was getting richer at the expense of the workers and with the issues and concerns building “New ideologies such as liberalism and socialism offered competing answers to these questions and provided the platform for new political movements” (Hunt 703). The communist wanted the working class to rise, the division of different classes to go away as well as private property, so they wrote a manifesto, The Communist Manifesto (1848) a collaboration between Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels “laid out many of the central principles that would guide Marxist revolution in the future: they insisted that all history is shaped by class struggle” (Hunt 708).
The nineteenth century saw the rise of three new ideologies, the newest ideology socialism wanted to reorganize society to create a harmonious, cooperative and prosperous life during a time when the industrial revolution created a large divide in classes (Hunt 706-707). “Out of the churning of socialist ideas of the 1840s emerged two men whose collaboration would change the definition of socialism and remake it into an ideology that would shake the world for the next 150 years” (Hunt 707). Socialism then led to communism a belief of economic equality through collective ownership and the elimination of private property led by Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) (Hunt 707). Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto (1848) to tell the world that by replacing “capitalism and private property with a communist state in which all property is collectively rather than individually owned. (Hunt 708) society as a whole would prosper.
The Communist Manifesto (1848) begins with the fact that history has always been about the struggle of the classes they believe that society is where it’s at now because of the different classes. “Freeman and slave, patrician and plebeian, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, in a word, oppressor and oppressed, stood in constant opposition to one another, carried on an uninterrupted, now hidden, now open fight, a fight that each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large, or in the common ruin of the contending classes….” (Hunt 708)
Marx and Engels show how the different classes have evolved over the years either from a revolution or a change in society’s economy. But the...