"Marx Engels Reader" About Modern Capitalism Essay

1169 words - 5 pages

1. Society's mode of production is based upon the relationship between the superstructure and infrastructure of society. The infrastructure, or base, is a combination of the force of production, known as how the goods are produced, and the relations of production, or the social distribution of the means of production. These are the two key elements of production in a society and the bourgeoisie and proletariat are both equally key to this combination in the base. The bourgeoisie has the power of capitalism; the force of production, and the proletariat does the labor to make the product, the relations of productions (p. 475). Marx and Engels state that all societies are "class societies" always have been and always will be. This means that all societies have two main groups; the oppressors and the oppressed. Feudalism had the lords and the serfs, in times of slavery, the plantation owners exploited the slaves, and even now, with capitalism, the bourgeoisie control the proletariat (p. 474).2. As societies transform from one to another, Marx and Engels emphasize the importance of revolution of such societal change, especially to the capitalist society. This revolution is one that as time goes, the bourgeoisie's goal is make money and become wealthier. The more time that passes, the more money he makes, and then he can buy more machinery to make even more. Soon new kinds of machinery are being bought, and then the more proletariats are hired (ppg. 478-479). As a chain reaction, a cause and effect phenomenon, the proletarians become of over-whelming proportion to the bourgeoisie, that a revolution, the proletarians abolish the previous mode of appropriation, to destroy all previous securities and insurances of individual property, the only way of becoming the masters of production (p. 482). Therefore the fall of the bourgeoisie and the victory of the proletariat are inevitable because the bourgeoisie will force upon society, conditions that further themselves unfit to be the ruling class and they will be left incompatible with society (p. 483).3. Marx and Engels created a list of ten measures of economic development. They created these measures to create a social order when revolutionizing the mode of production for other countries 3w (p.490). The measures aren't meant to match every country (because no country is the same), but the most advanced ones would match the list the closest (p.490). In comparing North Korea today to the ten measurements of Marx-Engels, North Korea has number ten, free education or education paid by the state. Only about 40% of the population actually enrolled and the state paid for almost half of the population of 18.9 million by 1993(1-Up Info, North Korea, *website). They do not follow number nine, which is to have a combination of agriculture with manufacturing industries. North Korea is shielded from international and domestic competition, resulting in poor product diversity and poor utilization of its plants and...

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