This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Marx (The Communist Manifesto) And Rousseau

2152 words - 9 pages

The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx examined the role that the state played and its relationship to its citizen’s participation and access to the political economy during different struggles and tumultuous times. Rousseau was a believer of the concept of social contract with limits established by the good will and community participation of citizens while government receives its powers given to it. Karl Marx believed that power was to be taken by the people through the elimination of the upper class bourgeois’ personal property and capital. While both philosophers created a different approach to establishing the governing principles of their beliefs they do share a similar concept of eliminating ownership of capital and distributions from the government. Studying the different approaches will let us show the similarities of principles that eliminate abuse of power and concentration of wealth by few, and allow access for all. To further evaluate these similarities, we must first understand the primary principles of each of the philosophers’ concepts.
To understand the Rousseau stance on claims to why the free republic is doomed we must understand the fundamentals of Rousseau and the Social Contract. Like Locke and Hobbes, the first order of Rousseau’s principles is for the right to an individual’s owns preservation. He does however believe that some are born into slavery. His most famous quote of the book is “Man is born free; and everywhere he is in chains” (Rousseau pg 5). Some men are born as slaves, and others will be put into chains because of the political structures they will establish. He will later develop a method of individuals living free, while giving up some of their rights to participate in the community of citizens. This led Rousseau to develop the concept of a contract that would justify the limits of government through participation of each citizen.
Rousseau establishes the Social Contract (Compact) that will provide the solution for a protective community of free individuals, who submit their freedoms or duties to the betterment of the whole collective body. While the individual is still free to conduct his life in freedom, the same citizen has a requirement to conduct business and make decisions that will be what’s best for the body. If everyone in the body commits to the arrangements of the contract, then the general members will have no problems with compelling to the political structure (Rousseau pg. 11).
When it comes to property (or capital), Rousseau concludes that the citizen has the right to take everything that is needed. He also has the right to work his labor and cultivate enough for a profit. He calls the State as the “in relation to its members, is master of all their goods by the social contract, which, within the State, is the basis of all rights; but, in relation to other powers, it is so only by the right of the first occupier, which it holds from its...

Find Another Essay On Marx (The Communist Manifesto) and Rousseau

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

1061 words - 4 pages The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels      The Communist Manifesto was written by two world renowned philosophers, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. This book was produced in an era of great suffering and anguish of all workers in a socially distressed system. In a time when revolutions were spreading through Europe like wildfire, Marx organized his thoughts and views to produce the critical pamphlet “The Communist

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

837 words - 3 pages and Communism will be brought into effect. The Government's role will be greatly diminished and everyone will produce only to their ability and receive only to their needs. The government will no longer only represent one class because there are no classes and no government.There are many critics of Karl Marx and of the Communist Manifesto some of them agree while others disagree. An example of a very pro-Communist review of the Manifesto can be

Karl Marx´s Communist Manifesto

676 words - 3 pages Karl Marx has been named as one of the most influential thinkers and writers of modern times. The Communist Manifesto published in 1848, explains and describes his theories on socialism. This manifesto was used as the foundation in order to establish the¿? Communist Russia. Although Communism eventually failed, there are still points in his work that can be applied to modern society.One of Marx's arguments is that the bourgeois society is

Compare and contrast the Communist Manifesto by Marx and What Is To Be Done by Lenin

1372 words - 5 pages The Communist Manifesto was written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848. During this time, many intellectuals were examining Europe's capitalist system and the effect that industrialization had on the working class. Marx was not the creator of the socialist movement. While attending the University of Berlin, Marx studied the works of Saint-Simon, Fourier, and Cabet and he found their principles too idealistic. Marx began using history

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Its Influence on Society

1146 words - 5 pages The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Its Influence on Society The German political philosopher and revolutionary, Karl Marx is best known for his radical concepts of society. His socialist views are best seen in his work Communist Manifesto. As one of the most influential thinkers of all times, he was able to convey revolutionary ideas in a manner that all could understand. Due to its comprehendible nature and usefulness

Utopia, by Thomas More and Communist Manifesto, by Karl Marx

2252 words - 9 pages George Gilliam Marx/More Comparative Essay English 215 In both Thomas More’s Utopia and Karl Marx’s Communist Manifesto, we see the authors portray two different visions of an improved reality in which all citizens are on an equal plane with one another. Both works stem from the authors’ own grievances regarding the ‘status quo’, and seek to provoke serious thought and (in Marx’s case) action about the existing state of affairs in their

A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

1614 words - 6 pages A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Karl Marx was an idealist. He observed the cruelties and injustices that the poor working class endured during the period of industrial revolution, and was inspired to write of a society in which no oppression existed for any class of people. Marx believed in a revolution that would end socialism and capitalism, and focus on communist principles. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written

Notes from a Lecture on Karl Marx and the Communist Manifesto

815 words - 3 pages PovertyHow do communities improve-build schools-build roads-better agricultureWhat can be done however, if none of these things are able to be afforded.What if the people at the top of the ladder (having a disproportionate amount of wealth) can affect the politicians with money and other things, and lock all the other people in their place.. because there isn't really a ladder that exist.Marxism is simply a theory of determinism... (most extreme?) marx

Summary of Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

2323 words - 9 pages of his radical political views.[ii] In 1847, together with fellow German, Freidrich Engels, Marx wrote The Communist Manifesto. The Central Authority of the Communist League approved The Communist Manifesto January of 1848, and the document began printing the next month.[iii] The manifesto was “inspired by the emergence of the modern working class, [he] developed a wholly new socialist outlook based upon the principle of socialism from below

Communist Manifesto (By: Karl Marx & Friedrich Engels)

1392 words - 6 pages What is communism? Communism is a society where everyone is equal; a society where all wealth is shared amongst the citizens. This was the collective philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, which compelled them to write a book on their ideology/theory of communism, The Communist Manifesto. Vladimir Lenin was a revolutionist and politician who was greatly influenced by the book. After he took over the government with the Bolsheviks, he

A great article on the early and late life of Karl Marx....also includes information on the communist manifesto

512 words - 2 pages consolidated to form the Communist League, and Marx and Engels were commissioned to formulate a statement of principles. The program they submitted, known throughout the world as the Communist Manifesto, was the first systematic statement of modern socialist doctrine and was written by Marx, partly on the basis of a draft prepared by Engels. Marx contributed the central propositions of the Manifesto, which embody the materialist conception of

Similar Essays

Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto

1026 words - 4 pages Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto Because the first printing of the Communist Manifesto was limited and the circulation restricted, the Manifesto did not have much impact on society after it was written in 1848. This meant that there were not many people who had access to the document. It wasn’t until 1871, when the Paris Commune occurred, that the Communist Manifesto began to have a huge impact on the working class all

Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto And Animal Farm

1667 words - 7 pages Weaver PAGE 1 Part 1: Karl Marx and Communism"The Communist Manifesto, published in February 1814, begins with the assertion, 'the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles'" ("Karl Marx"). That was a very well thought out statement made by Karl Marx when he began The Communist Manifesto. He meant that people must be able to understand the struggles of the different social classes. Specifically, the social

The Ideas Of Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto

2025 words - 8 pages The Ideas of Karl Marx and The Communist Manifesto It has been shown by many historians, scientists, and psychologists that people are affected by the world around them. This is exactly what caused Karl Marx to write his Communist Manifesto. The living conditions of the working class-his proletariat, as well as that of the bourgeoisie (the upper class) must have had a profound effect on his views and ideals. In France the

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels

1012 words - 4 pages The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels The Communist Manifesto, written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, outlines how a society should be run under communism. The document provides truths to what is wrong with society; what causes these wrongs; how they can be fixed; and how this relates to humans and nature. Marx was a political philosopher of German ancestry. Marx and Engels split the document up into four sections