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Marxism In The African Culture Essay

1172 words - 5 pages

During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, freedom, equality, and traditional values were deprived from many African nations, due to the European colonization. In Chinua Achebe’s novel, Things Fall Apart, he tells a story of an African man by the name of Okonkwo, who is banished from his village of Umuofia for seven years, and is forced to return to his birthplace of Mbanta. After seven years, he returns to Umuofia and faces the struggle in dealing with the modernizations that European colonists have initiated. The different perspectives on economy, the effect it has on society, and the power of wealth and influence in implementation of judicial systems between the Igbo culture and ...view middle of the document...

Their practices intimidated the Africans, until they were placed in the Evil Forest. Due to the special powers of the forest, Africans already know they are not going to last. They day approach where the Christians should have felt the wrath of the Evil forest and the Achebe states, “But they were still alive, building a new red-earth and thatch house for their teacher, Mr. Kiaga. That week they won a handful more converts.” (Achebe 115). The Africans believe that the religion of Christianity was not going to last, yet it continues to flourish, as missionaries were able to build a new red-earth and thatch house for their teacher, Mr. Kiaga. Not only that, they were able to gain a plentiful amount of new converts. European missionaries step foot into the Igbo culture and introduce Christianity. They were able to obtain several converts, and eventually build a great Christian community and a strong economy. The Igbo culture believes that a great economy consisted of successful and wealthy people. Europeans believe differently and became a global power with a strong economy and political institution. The beliefs on Economy by the European and Igbo cultures had an influence on society.
The Igbo and European cultures had different perspectives on economy and it results in changes in society. In Nigeria, the osu or the “untouchables”, are the lowest social class and were easily identified. An “untouchable” is an outcast, and the narrator informs us, “where he went he carried with him the mark of his forbidden caste- long tangled and dirty hair.” (Achebe 119). Osu is a forbidden caste and easy to distinguish due to their long tangled and dirty hair. Achebe shows us that due to the expectations of wealth and success by the Igbo culture, those in poverty are seen differently. Upon arrival to Umuofia, Europeans create a positive effect on Igbo culture. Although a white missionary conveys a lunatic religion to the Igbo culture, Achebe states, “he had also trading store and for the first time palm-oil and kernel became things of great price, a and much money flowed into Umuofia.” (Achebe 137). A white missionary approaches Umuofia and forms a trading store. From that, palm oil and kernel became highly valuable. Achebe shows his readers that Europeans come to Umuofia and not only to introduce Christianity, but also to bring exports. The European and Igbo cultures have different effects on society. Economy not only had an impact...

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