I/ Born to be a puppet of her mother's and Scottish court's ambitions
King James V of Scotland suffered so complete defeat in the Battle of Solway Moss on 24 November 1542 by his uncle King Henry VIII of England that even the birth of his only surviving legitimate child, Mary, could not raise him up. He died at the age of 30 and Mary Stuart was unconsciously put to the Scottish throne. On 9 September 1543, at Stirling Castle, 9-month-old Mary officially became Queen of Scots or Mary I of Scotland.
King Henry VIII of England conspired to unit Scotland with England under the reign of Tudors through the marriage between Queen Mary and his son - Prince Edward. However, Mary's mother, Marie de ...view middle of the document...
Aggrievedly, this Lord's brutal lust for power significantly dwindled Scottish elite's trust and loyalty to Mary. It's unknown whether Marie de Guise or someone from the Scottish elite did liquidate Henry Stewart on 9 February 1567. The only propitiation from this marriage for Mary was a son, James.
Mary's third marriage with James Hepburn, the fourth Earl of Bothwell who was supposed to rape and terrorize her, was another tragedy. In summer 1567, the Protestant peers exiled James Hepburn and imprisoned Mary in Loch Leven Castle, obliging her to abdicate in favor of her 14-month-old son James and the Regent Moray. On May 1568, Mary escaped and raised a force of 6,000 loyal men for her ultimate exertion of regaining the throne. Her army met Moray's battle-hardened force at Langside on 13 May. Realizing the unavoidable rout, Mary decided to run down south to England, dreaming that her cousin Elizabeth I would defend her.
II/ Living as the greatest prey and target of English ambitious politicians
Elizabeth I gave nothing to Mary except another imprisonment under the pretext of Lord Darnley's assassination. But the real reason came from Mary's menace of usurpation as English Christians believed that the Queen of England should be Mary. In their opinion, Elizabeth was merely the illegitimate child of an illegal marriage between Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn who was never recognized by the Pope.
In 1586, after 18 years of imprisonment round several castles and feuds, Mary lost all of her freedom and privileges. However, the deepest sorrow that wrestled her down was the ruthless enmity from her only son, 19-year-old James VI of Scotland. He was brought up by Mary's enemies and was disseminated that his mother murdered his father to marry her paramour. James VI was at so deadly disdain and feud with Mary that he even proposed marriage to Elizabeth I, who was 30-year older than him.
Mary wrote hundreds of letters to James but they had never approached Scottish border. All of her hopes were seemingly reduced to ashes until she received a surprising packet of letters on 6 January, 1586. The packet was sent by Mary's advocates on the Continent through Gilbert Gifford, a Christian pastor at English College in Rome. It was said that the artful Gifford bribed a beer producer to hide letters in the specially designed pint caps. Those pints were then moved to Chartley Hall where only Mary's servants would find. This was also the clever way to bring Mary's responses out of the castle.
Meanwhile, Mary was totally unaware of a plot to rescue her founded secretly in the heart of London. The leader of this plot was Anthony Babington, a 24-year-old Christian. Babington, whose names was given to the whole plot later on, had a tremendous revenge for the "Anti-Christian policies" of English Court, the pinnacle of which was his great grandfather Lord Darcy's guillotine due to his relevance to a revolt of Christians against Henry VIII.
The Babington Plot to assassinate...