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Maslow´S Hierarchy Of Needs: 5 Levels

1144 words - 5 pages

EXPLANATION OF MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS   Physiological needs (survival needs) –These needs are the most important and most obvious because without them no human being can survive. There are the basic elements an individual needs to survive, they are the very first level of needs. These needs are the needs every individual needs to survive. These include the basic needs such as water, food, homeostasis, nutrition, shelter, air, clothing and being able to reproduce sexually for the formation of more generations. Water and air are the metabolic requirements of survival in both the human race as well as animals. If any of these are short in supply or this need has not been fulfilled the human body is not able to function properly resulting in death (Maslow, 1970).   Safety and Security needs – These needs are a bit more complex and are relatively satisfied. Once the Physiological needs have been fulfilled then only can the individual start to worry about meeting their needs for safety and security. Safety of being safe is the feeling one gets when they know they are in no danger and nothing will harm them physically. At this level these needs become primary needs as every individual needs and wants total order and control over their lives as it contributes to each person’s behaviour. These needs include; finding a job, earning enough to survive the whole month with their expenses considered, living in a safe neighbourhood with no fear of being robbed or having one’s house broken into, access to government resources and access to health facilities. These safety needs also refer to financial security and feeling safe from harm in the workplace (Cherry, 2012).   Love/Belonging needs (social needs) –These needs are also known as social needs, they only appear once the physiological and safety needs have been met and maintained. These include love and acceptance from friends and family, sexual intimacy, stable relationships, getting along with friends, family, neighbours and all other community groups, being accepted by churches and others  religious organisations. A sense of belonging can be felt when an individual becomes more focused on making personal relationships with others, these include making relationships with a partner, building constructive relationships with friends and family. These needs play an important role in the well-being if an individual; if these needs are unfulfilled the individual will end up having depression, anxiety and end up feeling lonely and sorry for themselves. This level of needs must be established and fulfilled because of the effect it has on ones self-esteem. If this level of needs is low or the individual is viewed negatively by members of a group, be it academically or socially, it is more likely that he/she may withdraw to people of his/her level in society or develop anxiety (Boeree, G.C., 1908-1970).   Esteem needs – This platform of needs is the highest of deficit needs. This level of needs is the need for...

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