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Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs Essay

845 words - 4 pages

When you look at a glass with water in it, is it half empty or half full? Abraham Maslow saw the glass half full when it came to his psychological theory. Maslow conducted his research with focus on the positive possibilities of humans. Maslow also believed that humans have a range of 5 unequal necessities that if not obtained can affect the development and motivation to reach their fullest possibilities. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs is a major part of his humanistic theory of psychology which is still referred to today in both psychology and human ideals.
Abraham Maslow, the twentieth century psychologist, studied humans with a positive outlook to the range of possibilities they have. Maslow was studied in psychoanalysis and behaviorism theories of psychology but was “repulsed by the negative implications…for human potential” which spurred his “humanistic approach to psychology” (Zalenski & Raspa, 2006). Humanistic psychology is still used today and promotes the idea that human nature is to reach its own potential. Maslow viewed a human as a being with a drive and motivation to reach their full potential by obtaining fundamental necessities required in a human life. From this theory, Maslow created his well-known hierarchy of needs.
Maslow’s most prominent idea about his theory is the hierarchy of needs; a list of five needs that, with a lack of, create the will to live and reach human potential. These five needs, “physiological, safety-security, belongingness, esteem, and…self-actualization”, are all seen as “something that is essential to an organism’s existence or well-being” (Taormina & Gao, 2013). These needs are each ranked. Your most basic needs, physiological, are at the bottom with self-actualization at the top. These rankings suggest “unfulfilled lower needs dominate one’s thinking” which will decrease the motivation to achieve the higher ranked needs (Zalenski & Raspa, 2006). Maslow’s theory suggests that these needs are what drive a person to achieve and the hierarchy of these needs create the structure in which the core necessities must be obtained to achieve the humanistic idea of human potential.
Maslow’s humanistic theory of psychology is a study that continues today in psychology and in the views of the majority of western civilization. The idea of human potential is the core of this theory; it creates a positive reason for existence and individual drive to live. Maslow’s theory “is rooted in a main philosophical tradition of Western thought, essentialism…and continues into the twenty-first century” as a process to understand human development, nature,...

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