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Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs Essay

1376 words - 6 pages

Life of Pi: Maslows Hierarchy of NeedsBy: Ryan WatchThe novel Life of Pi written by Yann Martel, portrays the five sections of Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Maslow's hierarchy is the psychological depths in understanding what motivates people. Pi the main character in life of Pi undergoes each step of hierarchy needs that motivate him to survive under his harsh conditions. Pi fully embraces each stage and brings forth his motivation through his suffering on the life boat in the Atlantic Ocean.The five steps Pi develops and grows to become are characterized as followed; physiological, which is the very first stage, this stage focuses on meeting ones' needs of food and water. The second stage is safety, this stage bring the focus of motivation toward reaching physical safety from danger. The third stage is love and belonging which focus the continental shift from survivability to regaining compassion towards life. The fourth stage is characterized as self esteem, where a sense of purpose and accomplishment develops. The last stage at the tip of the hierarchy is self -actualization, where the sense of morality, creativity and spirituality is gained. Through Pi's journey in the Atlantic Ocean he experiences each hierarchy stage, fully developing each stage through his journey. As each stage is filled allows for the moving above into the next stage of the hierarchy.Through Maslows hierarchy of needs we can fully understand Pi's motivation to survive. The first need of the hierarchy begins with physiological. Pi's physiological needs of food and water were the very first thing that was met when he was stranded on the life boat. Pi began discovering ways to obtain food and water before considering safety and his religious morals. Pi fell to extraordinary depths to obtain food and water, he became a vicious killer who would kill turtles and fish by clubbing them with hatches and cutting them open and drinking their blood. "You may be astonished that in such a short period of time I could g o from weeping over the muffled killing of a flying fish to gleefully bludgeoning to death a dorado" (Pg, 198). Pi's motivation for physiological needs completely over rid his moral judgement and safety percussions; suddenly Pi went from a peaceful religious Hindu boy to a boy who was able to kill in such a fashion to meet his needs.The second stage of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, beings with safety. Before Pi reached the safety stage his physiological stage had to be met, once it was met, Pi moved into the hierarchy of safety. Shortly after Pi discovered the ration packs of food and the distilled water, he began planning on how to survive with Richard Parker (a 450 pound Bengal tiger) on board the lifeboat. First, Pi built a floating raft tied to the life boat, so in case of Richard Parker suddenly attacking he wouldn't be left wide open. By pi building the raft tied to the life boat it ensured some protection from the tiger. Pi, also devised multiple plans on how to...

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