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Mass Incarceration Of African Americans, The Revised Caste System

2070 words - 9 pages

The issue of racial disproportion in the United States has been an ongoing topic in history since slavery. As Americans we are affected by racial injustices everyday. One may not realize how their own racial identity plays a part in their everyday life experiences. The dynamics of racial oppression and privilege with the United States is incredibly complex ranging from the time of establishment to present day. The present day racial inequality within the criminal justice system and incarceration rates has peaked in the United States over the last 30 years. According to the NAACP the number of incarcerated individual has quadruples from roughly 500.00 to 2.3 million people. In 2008 African American and Hispanics comprised of 58% of the prison population. The unfortunate truth is that men of color, specifically, young African American and Latino men face arrest and conviction at rates that surpass the arrests and sentencing of white men. At the current rates of African American incarceration 1 in 3 of every African American male born today can expect to spend time in prison through out heir life time. The mass incarceration of people of color has significant effects on society in countless ways; more than what are apparently obvious to most people. As a result of the racial injustices within American society a racial hierarchy is maintained, stereotypes are perpetuated, communities of color suffer from communal uncertainty, health, financial instability, and sociopolitical needs are not accurately represented nor met. The racially bias policies and practices of the criminal justice system are unjustly detrimental to the well being of many black and Latino communities, their possible prosperity, and to America’s progression as a whole. Many factors come into play when examining and analyzing the intersecting dynamics contributing to the social issues that result in the absence of minority males within the family.
Michelle Alexander addresses the current political and socioeconomic disproportion in The New Jim Crow, Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. Alexander discusses the surmountable injustices created through the criminal Justice system and how they are affecting the Black and Brown population. The New Jim Crow is able to identify and analyze factors within the Unites States History, policy reformation, and the overall consistent marginalization of an oppressed race to come to the current day mass incarceration. By examining the main points discussed by Michelle Alexander in The New Jim Crow it will allow further exploration into a theoretical framework and perspective explaining the causes and affects of mass incarceration, as it applies to all Americans. The Field theory and Institutional Perspective will provide clarity in understanding the forces of power governing the nation.
Slavery was first presented to the United States in the over 400 years ago. Slavery was brought to the Americas for the purpose of having free labor. As...

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