1. Leader-Member Exchange Model helps leaders and mangers to get the best from their management team members. The model describes how all relationships between managers and subordinates should consist of three different stages. The first stage involves “Role-Taking,” then “Role-Making,” and finally, “Routinization.” “Role-Taking” happens when team members first join the group. Managers use this time to assess new members’ skills and abilities. For example, when I work as a Supervisor at Verizon Wireless Amphitheater, I would help assess the new hires as well as current employees to see where they are succeeding.
“Role-Making” occurs when new team members begin to work on projects and tasks as part of the team. In this stage, managers generally expect that new team members will work hard, be loyal and prove trustworthy as they get used to their new role. The theory says that, during this stage, managers sort new team members into one of two groups, the in-group or out-group. The in-group consists of people of the team members that the manager trusts the most. The out-group are members of the group who the manager dislikes. For instance, when I work as a Supervisor at Verizon Wireless Amphitheater, I would divide the new hires and place them into existing work groups with current employees to help accomplish our goal of servicing our V.I.P. guests.
During “routinization”, the last phase, routines between team members and their managers are established. In-group team members work hard to maintain the good opinion of their managers, by showing trust, respect, empathy, patience, and persistence. Out-group members may start to dislike or distrust their managers. Because it's so hard to move out of the Out-Group once the perception has been established, Out-Group members may have to change departments or organizations.
2. Ghandi and Barack Obama are both very interesting leaders of their each respective country. Ghandi exhibits many important characteristics that people try to follow to become a better leader. One of the most important traits that Ghandi had was his ability to influence and guide others. He lived his entire life practicing what he preached, which was nonviolence can change the world and become a better place to live. Ghandi was also a very charismatic leader. For instance, Gandhi once said, “Power is of two kinds. One is obtained by the fear of punishment and the other by acts of love. Power based on love is a thousand times more effective and permanent than the one derived from fear of punishment.” Ghandi’s charisma helped him to connect with others easily and the people around him feel respected.
Another important aspect of leadership that Ghandi demonstrated was his power of conscience, conviction, compassion, consideration, and courage. Ghandi stands out from others because he always behaved ethically and responsibly. Ghandi’s conviction inspired other people to move forward and achieve their goals. Ghandi empathized with the...