One cannot listen to a news station, or scroll through online news sources without running into the latest story about a conflict happening somewhere in the Middle East. Especially in America, a country that depends on foreign oil, we pay very close attention to what is going on. For modern times, one could say that much of the Middle East has been dominated by ongoing conflicts. These affairs happen in many ways. There are the countries like Syria who are struggling within their own country. There are those who have conflict with their immediate neighbors, like the Israeli/Palestinian conflict. Then there are those who are dealing with problems between foreign relations with far away countries, like Americas time in Iraq and Afghanistan. These are just recent examples, but these conflicts are always changing and molding the landscape of politics with them.
Starting in late January of 2011, a series of protests, and demonstrations filling the streets went on in Egypt. These activists done in the hopes that the Tunisian revolt two weeks earlier would help draw the population to mobilize. The riots and demonstrations were over issues of police brutality, state of emergency laws, unemployment, low wages, lack of housing, corruption, lack of freedom of speech, and poor living conditions. The protesters goal was to eliminate their President Hosni Mubarak's regime.
In Iran, during Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s presidency the American invasion of Iraq, and Saddam Hussein's overthrow strengthened Iran in the region with the majority Shia south of Iraq. During 2005 and 2006, there were rumors spreading that the United States and Israel together were planning an attack on Iran. The most commOn February 11th, 2011, Mubarak resigned and the Egyptian military became in charge of the nation. On the 13th, the military announced that the constitution and the parliament of Egypt had been dissolved, and that parliamentary elections were to be held. Presidential elections, resulted in the winner being Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood. Morsi issued a declaration immunizing his decrees from challenge and seeking to protect the work of the constituent assembly drafting the new constitution. As a part of the declaration it gives the president the authority to take any measures necessary to protect the revolution. Liberals liberals fear the declaration may lead to strict Islamic practices.
Only believed reason was Iran’s nuclear energy program which aroused suspicion that it may have lead to a nuclear weapons program. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, the supreme leader of Iran, issued a fatwa forbidding the creation, storing, and use of nuclear weapons. In 2009 Ahmadinejad's reelection was cause of great argument by large protests. Reformists protesters alleged voting irregularities within the election, and believed it to have been corrupted. By July of 2009, 1000 people had been arrested for protesting and 20 had been killed in street demonstrations. The Supreme Leader and...