Maternal Death In Afghanistan Compared To The United States Of America

1021 words - 5 pages

Maternal death, specifically during or after childbirth, is an issue of high prevalence in developing countries. According to the World Health Organization, 99% of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries, with South Asian countries having a higher incidence. Afghanistan is a country suffering from this concern, with pregnant women having a 1 in 32 chance of death. The United States of America, which could be referred to as the political enemy, are on the opposite end of the spectrum, with a 1 in 2400 chance of death. The prenatal care of the mother and baby is one specific difference between the two countries. Education is another important aspect differing. Afghanistan also ...view middle of the document...

The complicated birthing process could result in haemorrhaging or infections, ultimately resulting in the death of the mother.
It is evident that low prenatal care in Afghanistan can be related to the level of education and training of citizens. In the United States of America, 88.8% of men and 90.2% of women attend secondary school. In Afghanistan, 42.8% of men and 21.1% of women attend secondary school. The difference in education between the two countries is colossal. Afghan women are likely to only receive education for 5-6 years. This results in a decreased knowledge in prenatal and postnatal care. Limited information on nutrition, pregnancy care, health and general well-being is known and understood. The importance of the application of knowledge on health topics relating to pregnancies, specifically nutrition, has been proven to affect the outcome of a pregnancy. Poor health of the mother will result in birthing complications and may eventually cause death. Education is also important in the training of birthing physicians. Due to the decreased importance of education in Afghanistan, less health care is provided to their citizens. Mothers are less likely to have trained physicians assisting births and this can have a detrimental effect. Discrimination towards women is a major factor correlating to the lack of educated females and birthing physicians in Afghanistan.
The cultural aspects of Afghanistan are completely different to what is seen in the United States. While some discrimination can be observed in America, Afghan women are treated as second class citizens. From birth, having a daughter can bring shame to a family. Husbands put pressure onto their wives to bare sons. In a country where the women are barely allowed to attend school, there is definitely a strong presence of cultural discrimination. 87% of Afghanistan women have to obtain permission from their husbands, before seeking health care relating to pregnancy and birth. This statistic is incredibly scary, because it means that the husband has control over the wife, enough that they can decide whether to save or kill their spouse. The discrimination can also prevent women from becoming...

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