This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Maternal Mercury Levels Essay

526 words - 2 pages

Next we built up separate multiple linear regression models to identify predictors of each metal. The concentration of each metal in maternal blood and placental tissues was entered in the model as a dependent variable. Potential confounders selected for inclusion in each multiple regression model were only those who exhibited significant associations with the metal levels (pP<0.05) and entered as independent variables. These models are summarized in Tables 8 and 9.
In the final regression model, predictors of maternal blood lead levels were showed that cord lead levels, maternal cadmium level, smoking status, mother’s educational level (Diploma or/and university), total family’s income per month (middle class) and geographical distribution of current residence (central region). According to the standardized coefficients (ß) of the final model presented in Table 8a, cord lead levels (0.535) was the strongest predictor followed by maternal cadmium levels (0.184), geographical distribution of current residence (0.125) and smoking status (0.123). The adjusted R2 of the model was 0.423 with a significant overall regression, F(6,191) =25.112, p=0. As displayed in Table 8b, keeping foods or/and drinks in pottery or crystal jars, duration of living in the current district, application of kohl during pregnancy, type of residence (flat), eating seafood, number of tea cups consumed per day and maternal lead levels were the main predictors of maternal cadmium levels with ß-coefficients of 0.163, 0.221, 0.158, 0.156, 0.135, 0.121 and 0.165 respectively with an adjusted R2 of 0.151, F(7,315)=9.184, p=0). Placental mercury levels, placental lead levels and cord blood mercury levels were the predictors of maternal mercury levels with ß-coefficients of 0.345, 0.23 and 0.165...

Find Another Essay On Maternal Mercury Levels

Persistent Organic Pollutants in the Environment

2788 words - 11 pages identifying areas of further research. Schmid et al. (2011) found that glacial fed lakes contain higher POP levels compared to non-glacial fed ones demonstrating the potential for reintroduction of these pollutants back into the ecosystem. Another study by Blais et al. (2001) produced similar results as they detected higher levels of POPs in glacial streams compared to water from valley streams and precipitation. Blais et al. also believes free

An exploration of femininity i Essay

3413 words - 14 pages . Incomprehensible statements are said by nothing.Ophelia, as 'nothing' therefore, represent both an empty character and sexuality. Ophelia's character works on two levels: the literal, suggested by Gertrude's "Her [Ophelia's] speech is nothing" demonstrating Ophelia's "unshaped use", he lack of self-hood; and secondly, on a metaphorical level, picked up by Hamlet: Ham: That's a fair thought to lie between a maid's legs.Oph: What is, my Lord? Ham: Nothing

Henderson´s Nursing Needs Theory

1831 words - 7 pages they have adequate clothing and that temperatures in the delivery room are set at comfortable levels to ease the pregnancy (Waller-Wise & Renece, 2013, p. 32). Keeping the body clean during pregnancy can help a woman feel healthy. The use of water, also known as hydrotherapy, has incredible benefits of improved circulation, relaxing muscles, softening tissues, and promoting health (Waller-Wise & Renece, 2013, p. 33). Some women elect to have

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages By the time I arrived state side from my second tour in the Middle East the housing bubble had already burst. I noticed a drastic change in the way that many of my friends and family were living. Several of my friends that worked in real estate had sold their boats and seconds houses. My own stock portfolio had lost a third of its value. My sister and her husband had defaulted on their home mortgage leaving them scrambling for a place to live. I

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages Introduction: Chemical equilibrium is a crucial topic in Chemistry. To represent and model equilibrium, the thermodynamic concept of Free energy is usually used. For a multi-component system the Gibbs free energy is a function of Pressure, Temperature and quantity (mass, moles) of each component. If one of these parameters is changed, a state change to a more energetically favorable state will occur. This state has the lowest free energy

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Enlightenment Thought in New Zealand Schools

1594 words - 6 pages In this essay I will be looking at how the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment have shaped New Zealand Education. I will also be discussing the perennial tension of local control versus central control of education, and how this has been affected by the political and intellectual ideas of the enlightenment. The enlightenment was an intellectual movement, which beginnings of were marked by the Glorious Revolution in Britain

Psychological Egoism Theory

2240 words - 9 pages The theory of psychological egoism is indeed plausible. The meaning of plausible in the context of this paper refers to the validity or the conceivability of the theory in question, to explain the nature and motivation of human behavior (Hinman, 2007). Human actions are motivated by the satisfaction obtained after completing a task that they are involved in. For example, Mother Teresa was satisfied by her benevolent actions and

How Celtic Folkore has Influenced My Family

1587 words - 6 pages Every family has a unique background that influences the way they live and interact with other people. My parents, who emigrated from Ireland to the States with my three brothers in 1989, brought over their own Celtic folklore and traditions that have helped shaped the way our family operates and lives. One aspect of folklore that has helped shape my family dynamic is the Celtic cross—both its background and what role it has played in our lives

Julia Margaret Cameron

1406 words - 6 pages At a time when women were looked upon as being homemakers, wives, mothers and such the late 1850's presented a change in pace for one woman in specific. Photography was discovered in 1826 and soon after the phenomenon of photography was being experimented with and in turn brought new and different ways of photo taking not only as documenting real time, but also conceptualizing a scene in which an image would be taken. Julia Margaret Cameron will

Evaluation of School Improvement

1403 words - 6 pages The evaluation process should be progressive to incorporate overall planning, implement changes, which contribute to success. In order to focus on school climate and norms, the evaluation design must include the students, instructions, and outcomes to improve communication and building-level concerns to be address in this response. School Climate and Social Norms The school principal, other staff leaders, and personnel set the tone and the

Similar Essays

Measuring Mecury Levels In Mothers And Newborns

772 words - 3 pages in heavy consumers of fish. We compared the observed cord and maternal blood mercury levels with those from other populations (Table 12). Our mercury cord levels were higher than those found in Canada-Montreal (0.69µg/l), Poland (0.88µg/l), Slovakia (0.8µg/l), South Africa (1.2µg/l), Sweden (organic:1.4µg/l and inorganic:0.34µg/l), Sweden (organic:0.099µg/l and inorganic: 0.09µg/l) and Turkey (0.5µg/l). Similar pattern was observed for

The Debate Over Dental Amalgam Essay

1443 words - 6 pages were also ran on pregnant sheep and placing the mercury fillings within the mother. After a few days scientist took whole-body image scans and discovered that high levels of mercury were found in the maternal and fetal blood and the amniotic fluid. (Murray) With the human experiments samples of breast milk and urine were collected from mothers with amalgams fillings and ones without. The mothers with the feeling showed tremendously higher levels

Factors That Negatively Effect Fetal Development

994 words - 4 pages teratogenic effects on the growing fetus, such as physical malformations or functional impairment.. Inhaled solvents reduce oxygen levels in the body tissue thus reducing oxygen supply to the fetal brain. If the pregnant mother inhales at high doses, then she can cause the death of the fetus. Pregnant women should distant themselves from heavy metals. such as, lead and methyl mercury which can harm the fetus. All pregnant women should be

Folic Acid Supplementation And Pregnancy Essay

2819 words - 12 pages % reduction risk of NTDs was studied. Faucher (2013) found that high maternal education level and low BMI lowers the risk of NTDs. Many research articles urge the use of folic acid supplementation during preconception in women because it was found that its use prevents the risk of NTDs. Researchers also suggest that folate has had a beneficial role in pregnant women and implies that it prevents the risk of NTDs in expectant mothers (Stamm