Maternity Leave In Australia Essay

739 words - 3 pages

Maternity Leave in Australia

Maternity leave allows women to take leave of absence from their job
to give birth and care for their children. The International Labor
Organisation sets minimum standards for maternity leave. These include
a right to 12 weeks' paid maternity leave and prohibition against
dismissal during maternity leave. Although a member of the ILO,
Australia has never ratified its convention concerning maternity
protection ---- we have no standard maternity leave provisions.
Australian law entitles women to 12 months' unpaid leave and for more
than 25 years the Commonwealth Employees Act has entitled Commonwealth
employees to paid maternity leave. About two-thirds of women in the
workforce, however, are not entitled to paid maternity leave and many
working women are ineligible for unpaid leave because they are casual

Is it time to change maternity leave entitlements in Australia?

Australia has one of the least generous maternity leave provisions of
industrialised nations. Australiaand the US are the only two members
of the ILO that do not have a system of paid maternity leave for
workers. Of industrialised nations, it is the Scandinavian countries
that set the pace. In Norway, for example, women are entitled to a
year's maternity leave on full pay, two years' unpaid leave and the
right to part-time employment while their children are young.
Supporters of more comprehensive paid maternity leave say motherhood
means a substantial loss of earnings, demotion and insecurity in the
workplace for many women. Providing financial and job security for
women as well as helping businesses retain skilled employees makes
good financial sense. They point out that it is only a privileged few
who receive paid leave, and these are usually women on higher incomes.

There are also those who point to paid maternity leave as a way of
dealing with concerns about the ageing of the Australian population
and declining...

Find Another Essay On Maternity Leave in Australia

Women vs Men in Business. Should They Have the Same Rights?

622 words - 2 pages to establish maternity policies for women, but to create fair paternity policies as well. The US military has set a milestone in fairness in the workplace through the FY 2009 Defense Authorization Act, which established leave for both men and women after the birth of a child. In establishing equal rights in the workplace, physiological differences, particularly maternity, must be considered. As women become an increasing part of the workforce

Report on Australia's declining birth rates

1153 words - 5 pages Costello stated that paid maternity leave and the 'baby bonus' would both be included in the 2002/2003 Australian budget. This is a step towards higher birth rates, as it will boost the numbers of woman who are prepared to take a break from work to start a family. Also the inter-generational report released with the budget stated that by the year 2042 the ratio of old to young will have rapidly increased, identifying the alleged need for a birth

Mothers In The Workplace

1307 words - 5 pages essential to the mother-child development. This brings us upon yet another problem pressing the working mother, maternity and family leave. What about the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993? It enacted a mandated job benefit: companies with fifty or more employees must allow up to twelve weeks of unpaid leave to any employee who wants it for a family emergency, childbirth, or adoption (Kidding 195). This explained unpaid time off suggest problems in

How Governments Influence Fertility Rates

1622 words - 7 pages have been involved in engineering programs such as provision of financial incentives, aimed at enticing couples to bear more children. Such incentives include monetary grants, differential taxation and the provision of free child-rearing services. Governments have engaged themselves in the ordinance of private-sector employers by obtruding an obligation on them to provide paid parental leave to couples that give birth to children. May (2012

Gender Inequality in Australia

834 words - 3 pages Almost 40 years ago, women were officially granted the rights to have equal pay for equal work in Australia, when The Equal Opportunity Act was passed. Despite this act, however, sex discrimination still occurs in Australia this day, as well as all over the world where it should be illegal. Women in workplaces are unfairly being put second-best to men, when they should be regarded equally. Gender inequality in the workplace is still occurring

Australia's National Maternity Action Plan (NMAP)

1923 words - 8 pages In Australia, the maternity care is safest when compared with other countries. However, the rate of the caesarean section has increased in the past decades. Many of pregnancies complicated caesarean section cause more serious problem than natural birth, yet still many women perceive caesarean section to be more effective and safer than natural birthing. The role of these two models of care is to provide effective quality care to women, their

Critically analyse the factors involved in the evolution of Twenty-first century midwifery in Victoria, Australia

2739 words - 11 pages Midwifery, being with woman however, the profession has been continouosly shaped by historical, social and political events. The following essay is a critical analysis of the factors involved in the evolution of twenty-first century midwifery in Victoria, Australia. In Australia until the early 19th century, midwives were the main carers during a woman's labouring until the intervention of medical dominance. Medical dominance and its oppression

Google new maternity policy

1634 words - 7 pages allowances, sick leave and maternity leave ( Amstrong , 2007 cited by Hurunavamwe & Kanengoni , 2013 ) . 2.3.Google's new maternity leave policy Returning to the case of Google, Mr.Bock has discovered that a lot of female employees left after having a baby ( Miller, 2012 ) . At the time when the old maternity leave policy still was applied for Google, female employees took 12 weeks for giving birth ( Manjoo , 2013) . In 2007 Mr.Bock changed

Protection of maternity (Legal notice 439, 2003), Urgent family leave (Legal Notice 296, 2003), Parental leave (Legal notice 225, 2003)

1368 words - 5 pages The employment and Industrial Relations Act and subsidiary legislation such as protection of maternity (Legal notice 439, 2003), (long)urgent family leave (Legal Notice 296, 2003), (short and sweet)parental leave (Legal notice 225, 2003)are considered as family friendly measures. Comment from both an employees' and an employers' perspective.Protection of maternity: (Legal Notice 439,2003)The measures are there to help retain women post maternity

IP Law

1520 words - 7 pages and safeguard from unjust dismissal. Regulation 7 of The Maternity and Parental Leave etc. Regulation 1999 states that all female employees, regardless of length of service, are entitled to take Ordinary Maternity Leave (OML), the first 26 weeks of pregnancy, and Additional Maternity Leave (AML), the second 26 weeks. In this circumstance, Melissa specified to her line manager that she would take both OML and AML. This was agreed by the line

Are trade unions in Australia becoming unnecessary?

1884 words - 8 pages 1947, an employee now has the right to refuse "unreasonable" overtime. Currently, we are campaigning for the introduction of paid maternity leave for all Australian women. As with the Reasonable Hours case, Australia has fallen behind the standards of the OECD, being one of only two countries not to have a paid maternity leave scheme. This is simply not good enough and we must continue our efforts to ensure that no Australian is discriminated

Similar Essays

Was Australia A Working Man's Paradise In The 1900s?

611 words - 2 pages , people aged over 65 years were given a pension of $52 per year. New South Wales had already started paying their aged citizens a pension since Federation.Shorter working times, workers compensation, maternity allowances, invalid pension and increased leisure time all helped create Australia as an image of a working mans paradise. Also, those who served in the Boer War were given an additional pension for their commitment.In the 1890s, Australia

Maternity Leave Options Essay

639 words - 3 pages The purpose of this essay is to examine diverse approaches of being a working mother or stying on a maternity leave. The obvious advantages and disadvantages, as well as current possibilities in our country will be also discussed. A new adjustment of maternity leave in the Czech Republic came into force five years ago. Currently, not only is either of the parents allowed to stay at home with a child, but they can also choose the two-year, the

Maternity And Paternity Life Essay

611 words - 2 pages I agree that employers should provide three months of paid maternity leave but not so much on paternity leave. Many people today are becoming parents in a world where both men and women work everyday to make a living. When a woman delivers her baby, she expects her employer to understand how crucial the first three months of a baby's birth is and how important the money is those first few months. Women need to be with their new born child

Aboriginal Rights And Freedoms Essay

608 words - 2 pages , they were given the rights to have unemployment benefits and maternity leave. Soon after, in 1961, the Assimilation Policy was changed to accept Aboriginal traditions.In the 1960s, Aboriginal rights and laws were being changed left right and centre. In 1962, the Voting Rights Act was approved which allowed Aborigines to vote at federal elections. In 1965, the Conciliation and Arbitration Commission gave them the right for equal pay. In 1967