The purpose of this essay is to examine diverse approaches of being a working mother or stying on a maternity leave. The obvious advantages and disadvantages, as well as current possibilities in our country will be also discussed.
A new adjustment of maternity leave in the Czech Republic came into force five years ago. Currently, not only is either of the parents allowed to stay at home with a child, but they can also choose the two-year, the three-year or the four-year option. The possibility of choice is the most appreciate one. Consequently, the new two-year variant of maternity leave complies with women of higher job positions who would like to return to work sooner and who at the same time do not want to deal with a big slump in income.
On the one hand, another positive thing for students or unemployed mothers is that apart from getting state parental allowance, they are allowed to earn unlimited second income every month. On the other hand, the two-year option is dependent on the previous income of the mother, which is around sixteen thousand crowns. Another negative feature of the new adjustment is that once you choose the best option for you, it is not possible to change it later.
Although it is generally believed that the new maternity leave is a step in the right direction, it has to face many critical reproaches. It is claimed by the experts that the length is seen as problematic in comparison with the maternity leave in other countries. It has also been objected that the several years of staying at home with the children leads to the longlasting elimination of women from the working process as well as to the more difficult position in the labour market. Nevertheless, three four even five years of being at home with a child is for a lot of women basically essential for various reasons. Firstly, there is poorly...