Math Strategies For Special Education Students

1328 words - 5 pages

Special education students often lack the necessary mathematical skills needed to be independently successful in the secondary classroom. These students face challenges in applying the basic math skills needed as well as retaining basic math skills from grade level to grade level. Lack of understanding, in addition to causing classroom difficulties, can cause other personal and social dilemmas for the special education students. Lack of motivation, anger, lack of self value, and other disruptive behaviors may occur as a result of the difficulties the special education students have in the classroom. In order to help these students to overcome poor problem solving skills, effective strategy based instruction is needed. Teachers look to research for effective strategies to successfully instruct these students (Maccini & Strickland, 2010).
Finding meaningful problem-solving strategies that can motivate and extend special education students’ knowledge is often an issue for secondary educators. Special educators look for ways to change instructional practices for students with specific learning disabilities in the area of math. Special educators advocate for changes in instructional practices for students with learning disabilities in math that reflect a more balanced approach to instruction (Bottge, Kwon, LaRoque, Rueda, & Serlin, 2007). Research has shown that strategies can improve student performance in the area of math (Maccini & Strickland, 2010).
In 2000, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) proclaimed that schools should help students become confident in their ability to tackle difficult
MATH STRATEGIES FOR SPECIAL EDUCATION STUDENTS
problems, eager to figure things out on their own, flexible in exploring mathematical ideas, try alternative paths, and be willing to persevere, (NCTM, 2000; Bottge et al. 2007). The NCTM agreed that reform was needed areas such as basic skills instruction and instruction in problem solving (Bottge et al. 2007).
Bottge, Kwon, LaRoque, Rueda, & Serlin (2007) looked at the use of Enhanced Anchored Instruction (EAI) to help boost problem solving skills of students with disabilities in the area of math. EAI immerses students directly in problems that are delivered in a combination of multimedia and hands-on contexts (Bottge et al. 2007). EAI contains three main parts, probing questions by the teachers to guide student understanding, students working together in small groups to discuss and find solutions to problems, and explicit instruction on skills and concepts by the teachers as the students need them. During this particular study of EAI on math instruction, 100 students were divided into groups. One group received math instruction using EAI methods while the other group received instruction using the teachers’ typical methods. A pre-test was administered to both groups to gain a baseline of math experience and knowledge. The math instruction using...

Find Another Essay On Math strategies for special education students

Special Education Students: Inclusion vs Reality

1778 words - 7 pages Shocking and demeaning words such as idiot, moron, and retard were once used as actual labels for disabled children in special education. “Prior to 1975, schools were not mandated to educate students with disabilities . . . . [Those with disabilities] were deemed to be uneducable and were barred from entering schools” (“Exceptional Students”). Federal and state laws, as well as mandates, now require schools to educate all

Math in Special Education Essay

754 words - 4 pages What is the meaning of history? According to Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary, history is: past events that relate to a particular subject, place, organization, etc (Merriam-Webster, 2014). Math began in 30000BC and is still changing now in 2014. During each year, something new has happened. From 30000BC to 127BC there were many things happening for the beginning of math. In 30000BC, Palaeolithics in Europe and France recorded

The Positive Effects of Inclusion of Special Education Students

2196 words - 9 pages Introduction Special education has undergone immense changes through the years. Research and studies on the debate of whether or not inclusion is appropriate for special education students is just beginning to cultivate. The question has always been, what is best for these students? Schools and teachers are becoming leaders in the exploration of new paths, in search of new teaching styles and techniques. Mainstreaming or inclusion at the

How Can Assistive Technology Benefit Preschool Special Education Students?

1364 words - 5 pages . Teaching Exceptional Children, 25(3), 18 22. Parette, H. P., Jr., & Murdick, N. L. (1998). Assistive Technology and IEP’s for Young Children with Disabilities. Early Childhood Education Journal, 25(3), 193 198. Prater, M. A. (2007). Teaching strategies for students with mild to moderate disabilities. Boston: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon. Sadao, K. C., & Robinson, N. B. (2010). Assistive technology for young children: creating inclusive learning

Compares/Contrasts Continuum of Services and Inclusion for educating students with special needs in a general education system (about 4 pages)

1320 words - 5 pages specialized schools. It assumes that special education services and programs within the educational system retain a separate identity, with special staff within a central administration that oversee and manage specialized placements and procedures. In addition, a separate staff of special educators and related service personnel are maintained at local school districts. Funding for special education is based on the actual numbers of students identified

Should special education students be accepted to learn in Mainstream Classrooms?

858 words - 3 pages their children should be accepted into a regular mainstream classroom. On the other hand there are many people who feel that when special education students are in a regular classroom this puts a delay on the learning process of the students in the overall classroom.In Carpenter's article he addressed a few constructive points on combining special education in the mainstream classroom. He states, "For a long time, intelligent and hard working

A review of the article "Why students with special needs have difficulty learning mathematics and what teachers can do to help." Covers congnition and strategies

524 words - 2 pages Mathematics Teaching in the Middle School, Feb 2003"Why students with special needs have difficulty learning mathematics and what teachers can do to help" pg. 308For the past two decades, US public schools have been blamed for students' poor performance in mathematics. As a response to our nation's low ranking in recent international comparisons, there has been an increase in number and difficulty of mathematics course requirements for

An investigation into the use of cooperative Learning Strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education among a group of grade nine students.-...

618 words - 2 pages students or do not work whatsoever if placed in a group with members they considered undesirable to work with. Even if students were placed in their desired group, they were sometimes aggressive and abusive to each other because their opinions differed. In order to facilitate a classroom that promotes cooperation and develop social skills it becomes necessary for different strategies to be employed which will motivate and encourage students to learn through cooperation. As such the researcher decides to conduct this study on the uses of cooperative learning strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education.

An investigation into the use of cooperative Learning Strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education among a group of grade nine students.-...

756 words - 3 pages performance in Physical Education. Significance of the Study Through the use of the cooperative Learning Strategies, not only a few students are involved and being encouraged, everyone is included and encouraged. When students are given a chance to work with their peers an opportunity is provided for positive independence, good social skills, development of good interpersonal relationships, free talk, good teamwork and the practice of

An investigation into the use of cooperative Learning Strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education among a group of grade nine students.- ...

1215 words - 5 pages effective tool in the teaching learning process of Physical Education. Cooperative Learning is among the educational theories and accompanying strategies that have captured that attention of modern educators. It is an integral part of numerous school improvement programme. This strategy can be used effectively by teachers in a variety of classroom contexts in many different types of schools. Cooperative Learning allows for mastery learning and

An investigation into the use of cooperative Learning Strategies to foster positive social behaviour and satisfactory academic performance in Physical Education among a group of grade nine students.-...

1215 words - 5 pages effective tool in the teaching learning process of Physical Education. Cooperative Learning is among the educational theories and accompanying strategies that have captured that attention of modern educators. It is an integral part of numerous school improvement programme. This strategy can be used effectively by teachers in a variety of classroom contexts in many different types of schools. Cooperative Learning allows for mastery learning and

Similar Essays

Special Education Strategies For General Education Teachers

2103 words - 9 pages Introduction Inclusion impacts all general education teachers. On a daily basis, general education teachers are asked to differentiate instruction for students with disabilities. Depending on the availability of resources, some general education teachers have more support than others. The following one-day workshop is aimed at providing research-based strategies for general education teachers to support special education students in the general

Math In Special Education Essay

1396 words - 6 pages a hands on activity. There are many more strategies that help students in students in Special Education with math. Here is a brief description of a few of them. Visually listing the steps of the process can prove to be a huge help to students. The students then will be able to refer to them anytime they need to. Mnemonic sayings are quite helpful as well. For example the way I remember the order of operations is the PEDMAS saying. Another

Math In Special Education Essay

1065 words - 4 pages teachers are stepping up to the plate. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) has led the movement for education reform in mathematics. The NCTM began in the mid-1970’s and was a public voice of mathematics education that supported teachers, and tried to ensure learning of the highest quality for all students. This council set in motion a much needed discussion and debate about math in America’s school system. The NCTM set

Minority Students In Special Education Programs

1613 words - 6 pages programs when in fact; they do not have a learning disability. This has become a growing problem in this country because it is seen as the easy way out. Schools all over the U.S. are doing this in order to not have to properly test and evaluate students for learning problems. There have been numerous studies done on this topic, from assessing migrant students for special education programs to trying to understand why many language minority