The rational actor model
• According to the rational model the government represents the first and most important stage of analysis. The state is a rational actor whose choice is based on the maximization of profit versus the minimization of costs.
• Specifically, during the Cuban Missile Crisis the Soviet Union swiftly took the situational upper hand by positioning their Nuclear missles in Cuba towards the U.S. Their actions were also backed up U.S. failure in the secret invasion of Cuba. On the other side, Kennedy’s counter attack strategy was defined through the rational analysis of the available options; ranging from invasion to no counter attack at all.
• Kennedy decided to rely on ...view middle of the document...
An example of such practice is the decoration of Cuban barracks with Soviet military symbols. On the other camp, the U.S. had no real intentions to escalate the conflict directly to war. They were uncertain about the location of all missile strikers, and did not want to undertake the risk of a non fully proficient military attack. At a personal level, Kennedy perspective on military attack was to specifically focus on the missile camps. Nevertheless, the US air force could not provide such operation without extensively more collateral damage than the desired outcome. As a result, the clear communication lines and vertical flow between the organizational ranks caused the US actions to be the desired ones and resort to a blockade. Ultimately, the Soviets had to back down since its strategic plan failed to calculate such action; and there was practically no communication as there was no plan to begin with.
The governmental politics
This model relies on the primary assumption that every situation is a result of political bargaining, emphasizing the importance of outcomes. In principle, there should be an ideal solution everytime that outcomes overlap for all parties involved in conflict. However, this becomes problematic as different individuals want to resort to their own utility maximizing strategies. Even though the government is often led by a central authority, decisive action is often depended on a group of officials.
Ideally the leader can...