Max Weber Essay

1777 words - 8 pages

THE LIFE AND THEORIES OF MAX WEBER
The Life and Theories of Max Weber
Jordyn Visscher
Dordt College

THE LIFE AND THEORIES OF MAX WEBER
Abstract
This paper is about the early life, studies and the christian perspective on the teachings of the 19th
century German sociologist, Max Weber. He was a man of many skills, developing theories, and a new
way of business. He became one of the founders of modern sociology, was one to argue against Marx
teachings, and formed several ideas on the study of society. Max Weber believed in a more formalized
structure to an organization in which he called bureaucracy. He thought that an organization that
consisted of superiors and employees, limited the ...view middle of the document...

Weber became famous for his writings and teachings on the basis of modern sociology. The area
he specialized in where sociology, politics, religion, and economics. This lead to his study of society
where he developed four major themes on how he believes a society should be run.
The first key factors that influences society is religion and class. One of the major factors Weber
agrees with Marx's on is that 'class' as 'political economic power' both play a role in the historical
development of modern society. Yet for Weber, 'class' was the one thing that could dominate over the
development of modern society. Weber's fundamental purpose was to discover the cultural factors,
especially religion, that Weber believed to have an impact on social change. Through his studies on
different religious cultures, including Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Taoism, Weber
examined the Western thinking and culture that might have an effect on how we approach society. In
the Protestantism reading of the "Protestant Work Ethics', Weber see the rise of capitalism and argues
that religion is the cause of Capitalism. However, both Protestantism and Capitalism work together to
form an interaction with each other.
The second theory that Weber examined was class and inequality, and the role of class, status,

THE LIFE AND THEORIES OF MAX WEBER
and power. Similar to Marx, Weber considers that the two major classes of society take ownership of
labor and of capital. That the social inequality of modern society is more complicated then what people
see it to be. He argues that the important aspects of social power should differ from our status power in
contract to the inequality in modern societies. He doesn't stop there, and digs deeper to argue with
Marx against political power. Weber thought that modern society should not only be run by owners of
the capital, but people with political power who have bureaucratic understanding and knowledge.
This lead to Weber's conceptual idea of Bureaucracy and Rationality. In this organizational way
of thinking, he considers a different ways in which we think, feel, and work in the world. Weber
criticized organization who ran their companies or business like a family, which in his mind valued
rational thinking over traditional thinking. This is why Weber created a more formalized structure of
organization known as bureaucracy. Bureaucracy is commonly defined as a "non-personal view of
organizations that follow a formal structure where rules, formal legitimate authority, and competence
are characteristics of appropriate management practices" (Bureaucracy Max Weber's Theory: youtube).
To better understand his point, he believed that it was the managers job to enforce rules and regulations
and give the individual a working position that best fits their skills and qualification at a professional
level. Bureaucracy now has become an important management system that helped to define everyone's
role in the workforce, creating an...

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