This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Max Weber’s And Mircea Eliade’s Disagreement With Durkheim, Marx And Freud

1996 words - 8 pages

Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, and Sigmund Freud were intelligent theorists that tried to reduce religion to simple explanations. Marx explained religion as a phenomenon created by economic position meant to give reason to people’s social economic position and thus provide them satisfaction, while they are promised salvation in paradise. Durkheim reduced religion as something created by the social interaction of people, thus making religion a social phenomenon, in which people interact and have rites. Freud, on the other hand, explained religion as being neurotic due to people’s obsession with security alongside the father. All in all, these three theorists attempted to reduce religion to its ...view middle of the document...

Therefore, the church taught people that God entrusts with good, which one must set away and hold them undiminished. Thus, man is taught that he must save the goods bestowed onto him in order to please God. Spending these good from ones personal enjoyment is prohibited. Therefore, since there is a limit on consumption then this allows for people's accumulation of wealth. Other people though, are satisfied with there lower economic positions, because religion treated labor as a calling and highly pleasing to God (Introducing religion 249-254). However, as long as the bourgeois man was following these rules of God and his moral conduct was spotless then there would be no objection to his investments. Rational conduct was now based on the idea of the calling. People felt it there calling to work, to invest, and thus become part of the iron cage of capitalism, where they need to work in order to enjoy life. As a result, the religious fantasies that Marx referred to, as the reason for people allowing themselves to be exploited may not have been the whole reason. Through Weber one can note that the shift in teaching of the church on what makes a good person through labor is what led to people to be satisfied with their exploitation and allowed it to occur.
Max Weber did not agree with Durkheim, because Durkheim focused on primitive culture and regarded it as the only manner to understand religion. Durkheim explained that all religions relate to the social due to their rituals and rites such as that of the aborigines people that he studied. He further tries to explain that since the aborigines are the most primitive culture they can clarify the beginnings of modern religions. In order to refute Durkheim, Weber focused on ideal types such as magic, as well as other types. The aborigines that used the totem believed that they could use magic to further ritualize the totem and their desires. Weber agreed with Durkheim, but Weber also believed that modern great religions could also explain religion as much as the primitive. Therefore, Weber stated that magic was not only used by primitive religions. For instance, the prophet or priest, who is “purely an individual bearer of charisma, who by virtue of his mission proclaims a religious doctrine or divine commandment”, exerts power like a magician by virtue of his personal gifts (Introducing Religion 256-257). However, unlike the magician, the prophet or priest’s core mission is to spread the message of doctrine or commandment, thus not to focus specifically on magic. Similarly though the magician and the priest depend on the people which value them because of their extraordinary qualities, which are above human possibilities. As a result, magic is something that is not only related to primitive religions, since it is an act that is continuous through human culture and beliefs.
Thirdly, Weber refuted Freud’s argument of religion as a neurosis. Unlike Freud, Weber notes religion to be rational to human...

Find Another Essay On Max Weber’s and Mircea Eliade’s Disagreement with Durkheim, Marx and Freud

Max, Durkheim and Webber Philosophies Essay

824 words - 4 pages , subject to unquestionable devotion with stringent repercussions for lack of adherence. Restitutive laws have less uniform accountability with a more individualistic and less moralistic orientation. Offences against societies having restitutive laws are oriented towards making individual restitution to the offended (Ritzer, 2011). Subjectivity and interpretation are inherent within restitutive societies. Max Weber’s philosophy of what impacts

Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud Essay

1193 words - 5 pages Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud Emile Durkheim and Sigmund Freud are European sociologists who studied and wrote about the affect of industrializations and with society. Emile Durkheim is known to many in the humanities and academic fields. Freud is familiar to anyone who has studied intellectual and scientific history. Durkheim and Freud believed understanding the rules of society was vital for human survival. Durkheim compares to Freud in

Max Weber’s "The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism"

2391 words - 10 pages Max Weber’s work The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism is arguably one of the most important works in all of sociology and social theory, both classical and modern. In the decades since its inception, this work has gone on to influence generations of social scientists with its analysis of the effect of Protestantism on the development of modern industrial capitalism. This work, examining such broad topics as religion, economics, and

Similarites Between the Theories of Max Weber and Karl Marx

1029 words - 4 pages conflict throughout history. This paper examines the agreement and disagreement of social stratification and inequality by both Weber and Marx. Max Weber’s main purpose of the theory goes on to explaining that, Class, Status, Party are what make up the structure of our society. Weber lays out the idea that society falls under these three categories and these structures make up our society. Though Weber believes that capital has a large role in

Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud: Human Perception and Morality

1533 words - 6 pages donate money or walk past a homeless person on the street. Many people do this with the intention to make themselves feel better, not necessarily because they care about the wellbeing of the homeless people. There are many comparisons between the beliefs and philosophies of Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud. They are two very significant people that have made an impact on our society through their realizations. Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud both have

The Significance for Economic Anthropology of the Work of Marx and Durkheim

1669 words - 7 pages What is the significance for economic anthropology of the work of Marx and Durkheim? Introduction The works of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim have proved that they were indeed the finding fathers of modern social theory during the late 19th to the early 20th century. Along with others (i.e. Weber, Simmel, Veblen etc.) they had laid down the foundations of our understanding of the relationships that are held between culture and society on one hand

This essay will aim to discuss Durkheim and Marx in the context of sociology of religion

1967 words - 8 pages the present day and world then better things will come along in heaven or in the future. He also criticizes the myth that if you believe there is something better waiting for you, you will put up with things. If not then this world would become unbearable.Durkheim contradicts Marx as he says it is people coming together for religion showing solidarity. Basically Marx's view is that religion is about having power over people, and Durkheim says that

Mexican Society in the eyes of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim

1259 words - 5 pages In the article titled “Mexican official's daughter gets restaurant closed after she didn't get table she wanted” gives us the opportunity to explore a current event in Mexican society and the influence of social media which we attempt to view through the eyes of both Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim. We will focus on Karl Marx’s conflict theory of capitalism and Emile Durkheim’s structural functionalism theory of dynamic density. Both theories

Durkheim and Poverty

1223 words - 5 pages is used to explain the various changes in human behavior. These changes consist of educational practices dealing with the status quo, customs, and criminal behavior. Hence, the issue of poverty and inequality for Durkheim is a natural phenomenon that is caused by the importance of individuals roles. However, functionalism fails to explain the barriers of poorer people gaining more advanced skills, unlike Marx and Weber’s theory of social class

Durkheim and Merton

1990 words - 8 pages Emile Durkheim is considered to be one of the main founders of modern sociology and, although Marx may be more widely known throughout the world as having an incredible influence on sociology and society in general, Marx did not have such a significant influence and say in the world of crime when compared to Durkheim. For Durkheim, crime is constantly changing, and that there is such thing as a normal amount of crime in any society and

Max Weber and McDonalds

1445 words - 6 pages With the rapid growth of globalization and economy of world progresses rapidly, the implementation of bureaucracy has a very important role in the development of organisation and management. This study introduces Max Weber and his theory of bureaucracy. The term 'bureaucracy' was first introduced by the Max Weber. Max Weber is known as one of the founders of modern sociology, but Weber also accomplished much economic work in the style of the

Similar Essays

Comparing And Contrasting Sociological Theorists Max Weber, Emile Durkheim And Karl Marx

1711 words - 7 pages Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, and Max Weber are all important characters to be studied in the field of Sociology. Each one of these Sociological theorists, help in the separation of Sociology into its own field of study. The works of these three theorists is very complex and can be considered hard to understand but their intentions were not. They have their similarities along with just as many of their differences. The first theorist to

Max, Durkheim And Weber Essay

1753 words - 7 pages integrated norms and values. With the increasing specialisation of functions, tasks become more differentiated making it more difficult for society to integrate its members. Collective consciousness is weakened and the law is organised more co-operatively with the different functions acting interdependently to sustain social life.Like Marx, Durkheim is opposed to the degrading organisation of work, evident in the increased specialisation of

Durkheim, Weber And Marx Essay

1228 words - 5 pages big role, where Marx considers religion an effect of class warfare. Durkheim, on the other hand seems to agree more with Weber’s theory insofar as religion is a major institution in society. Where Marx has the economy forming the base of the superstructure, Weber inverts this and has religion forming the base. While all three men agree that the economy plays an important role in society, they differ in how big a role that may be. Durkheim

Comte Durkheim And Marx Essay

1509 words - 6 pages Kapital was published in his lifetime. Marx died in Britain in 1883.As can be seen the development of social thought occurred gradually over time and although August Comte was clearly important in its history many of the modern sociologists today disregard his work. Emile Durkheim built on the work of Comte taking it further with his rules of methodology. However both made early pioneering statements of a sociological nature and Karl Marx gave an