“Europe cannot conceive of life without Kings and nobles; and we cannot conceive of it with them. Europe is lavishing her blood to preserve her chains, whereas we are lavishing ours to destroy them”(Maximilien Robespierre). For centuries upon centuries, the monarchal system had dominated European life. The very nature of this method of rule incited rebellious feelings, as a definite imbalance of power was present. Understandably, people under this system had risen against authority. The glorious nation of France was no exception. The eighteenth century brought about a great deal of economic and social turmoil. By the end of this one hundred year period, rebellion had been talked about by many citizens for quite some time. However, no definitive action was taken until one man stepped to the forefront; Maximilien Robespierre. Born in Arras, France about thirty years prior to the French Revolution, Robespierre was an immensely intelligent man as is seen from his ability to read and write fluently from the age of eight (the Force of 10). Robespierre rose from fairly humble origins to become a provincial lawyer, advancing further to become a representative in the Estates General, and eventually ascending to the leader of the French Revolution itself. For its sake he sent thousands to the guillotine, overthrew a monarchy, declared a new national religion, and invigorated the will of a nation. “No individual of the French Revolutionary era, with the exception of Napolean Bonaparte, has excited more passion in his time than the…dedicated provincial lawyer, Maximilien Robespierre”(Maximilien 1). During this era, Robespierre led France’s world inspiring cry for the liberation of mankind and petrified the world with its relentless war and terror on all opponents of its crusade for
liberty, equality, and fraternity. Maximilien Robespierre brilliantly directed his entire country in revolt against an oppressive authority in the name of Liberty and Justice, effectively paving the way for democracy to take hold, giving hope to other downtrodden peoples of the world, and proving himself to be one of the most influential people and greatest rebels of all time.
The reckless actions of the monarchy over countless years destituted and angered the French people, encouraging acrimonious feelings toward the ruling class and eventually, rebellion. Rebellion is usually caused by a discontent with the status quo. If an authority is limiting opportunities for those under its jurisdiction, then the oppressed will rise up in order to create a more favorable mode of life that meets their needs and/or expectations. In the case of the French Revolution, the Monarchy did not exhibit an understanding of fiscal responsibility. The aristocracy and clergy led lives of privilege, and the middle and lower classes aspired to the same end. The Monarchy levied taxes upon the citizens to erase the bankrupt state of the nation, which only furthered the...