May Fourth Movement And Beyond Essay

1058 words - 4 pages

Mao Zedong, the prominent leader of the Cultural Revolution and one of the innovators of the People’s Republic of China, once declared, “Classes struggle, some classes triumph, others are eliminated. Such is history; such is the history of civilization for thousands of years.” By the time the Qing Dynasty met its inevitable downfall in 1919, a new set of radicals started protesting of a new form of government on May Fourth. This movement, known as the May Fourth Movement, facilitated the Marxist and Leninist ideologies which had been circulating from the aftermath of the Bolshevik Revolution in Soviet Russia. This changed the entire political system that China had been eternally run by. However, the idea of Communism exploded based on the leadership of Mao Zedong in 1949 which led to a variety of reforms. As a result, Zedong developed a new branch of Communism called Maoism. Still in the 21st century, China continues to strive to preserve its Communist ideals but has, in some ways, succumbed to Westernization. Although China continue to adhere to Maoist philosophies, the Communist Party of China has been allowing certain Western customs such as popular music into China’s culture. Essentially, the Communist Party has affected China by influencing the politics, the culture, the media, and the economy.
On May Fourth, a group of students attempted to overthrow the dynasty system China had been ruled by for centuries of a new concept the Chinese did not fully understand: Communism. Not only would this work, but it would drastically change the way the Chinese viewed politics. As soon as Mao Zedong came into power in 1949, the Communist Party and he strived to eliminate the class based hierarchy that had been apparent in the dynasties before them and instead have all individuals work together to reach a common goal. They tried to accomplish this by creating communal areas for individuals to labor in. The quantity of government run agencies significantly increased with the introduction of the Communist Party of China. By doing so, Mao Zedong struggled to develop a modern society in which privilege is divided into separate administrative branches. The way of designating intellectuals as politicians from the Han to the Ming Dynasty was for these individals to pass the civil service examination. The Communist Party of China reformed the Imperial examination and instead, implemented elections to attain the next ruler of China. Moreover, the Communist Party had a significant impact on the cultural elements of China as well.
By 1966, the Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution, enacted by Chairman Mao, influenced the highly traditional culture China previously had. Through 1966 and 1967, propaganda posters encouraged by Chairman Mao encouraged destroying the culture that was predominantly based on tradition and customs and instead forging a modern one. By doing so Mao Zedong changed the way China paid significant attention on a multitude of ideals such...

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