Mazzini's Ideas and Inspiration and Attitudes to Change in Italy in 1830s
Guisseppe Mazzini was born in piedmont in Genoa; was a son of a doctor
and a professor. He was a depressive and physically frail.
In the revolutions of 1820 he became a nationalist.
He tried two occupational directions, Medicine but became bored and
kept fainting as well as Law that didn't interest him.
In 1827 he amalgamated (joined) the Carbonari but was disappointed. In
1830 he took part in the revolts and was arrested then sent to France.
In 1831 he formed young Italy when he was 26 years old in Marseilles
and was based on Mazzini's own views of how revolution was to succeed
in Italy. It was a youth movement. The maximal age limit was 40(Later
raised), but most members were much younger. Their motto was 'Thought
and action'. They displayed a uniform of the national colours -Green
shirt, red belt, white trousers and a beret. They equipped themselves
with armaments -a rifle and 50 rounds of ammunition each member.
'Young Italy' was not a localised affair. Its aims were for the whole
of Italy, and its contacts international. Mazzini had grand plans for
liberal change throughout Europe, and soon groups such as 'young
Germany', 'Young Ireland'. 'And young Europe' kept pace with similar
I do not accord that Mazzinis key ideas and inspiration transformed
attitudes to change in the 1830's.He didn't really 'transform'
anything but was an idealist that opened peoples eyes to possibilities
Mazzini wanted unification and the 'universality of citizens speaking
the same tongue as he put it.' He also wanted all people to be free
and equal that was a very left wing view. He wanted a republic and was
against Restored monarchs.
To achieve this he would use Newspaper plots and assassinations.
The secret greeting was 'what is the time? A time for struggle.'
In 1823 he inspired and animated a revolt that failed.
German Italian and polish refugees in Switzerland were supposed to
fight a second revolt. He gambled away the revolution Money and in
1837 he was in London and wrote 10,000 letters and 100 articles that
were signed Emily. Mazzini migrated towards the Roman republic; he
continued writing until his death in 1872.
Philosophy: Mazzini believed in the people, he was against the
influence of Austria and France; was against all the old leaders.
Thought Christianity was a worn out religion, and God should be shown
through the people, also he wanted a democratic republic.
Problems: His writings were too intellectual and idealistic for many
people, but saying this he was a very famed and successful publisher
of ideas. He wrote thousands of letters and endless articles that he
smuggled into Italy, these appeared in his societies newspapers and