Mc Carthy: Wrongly Scorned Essay

1345 words - 6 pages

From 1949 to 1954, the citizens of the United States were overcome with terror of the possibility of being accused of Communism. Joseph McCarthy was an anti-communist zealot consumed with rooting out perceived Communist spies and activities in the United States. Public opinion indicated that McCarthy was a bully and a liar. The Senate condemned him for it because at the time, there was no evidence to support him. However, in recent years, evidence has appeared that confirms the basis of what McCarthy said. There were Communists infiltrating America, and it seemed McCarthy was the only one who actively trying to find it. McCarthy governed the U.S. people with fear for three year, the Senate censured him, and now is being proven correct, despite people trying to hide the truth.
During the Cold war, Joseph McCarthy, a U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, began a crusade of anti-communism. According to World Book Advanced, in this period of time “the widespread accusations and investigations of suspected Communist activities in the U.S.” became known as ‘McCarthyism’. Many events transpired during the McCarthyism era to justify his suspicions; Communism was spreading throughout Czechoslovakia and China, and North Korea invaded the South –which started the Korean War. The accusations of Communism spread to all branches of public works; entertainment, clergy, teachers, and journalists were all investigated. Blacklisting first appears at this time. Many people were made to take oaths, swearing that they were not Communist, just to keep their jobs. When McCarthy first initiated his hunt, he said that Communists made up the majority of the State Department, but when the Senate looked into it they reported no sings of Communism (Reeves n.p.). The UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History states that in 1949 McCarthy said to have attained his information from a document from the “Federal Bureau of Investigations”, pertaining to Soviet Union activities in the U.S. (Benson 980). Since the men who gave it to him wanted him the information to be broadcasted, he took the information and claimed he had a list of 205 names of people working in the State Department who were communist. In a later speech McCarthy lowered that number to eighty-one (981). According to World Book Advanced, McCarthy accused many people of high authority in the government of Communism or harboring Communists, including President Truman, Secretary of State Dean Acheson, General George Marshall, and Eisenhower. They all denied his charges (Bartlett n.p.). As said in UXL Encyclopedia of U.S. History, McCarthy won the Senatorial reelection in 1952 even after accusing them, and despite having no support from Congress, he became a public icon and people continued to believe him (Benson 981-82). Soon though, McCarthy’s good fortune would run out.
In 1953 through 1954 McCarthy’s reign collapsed. He lost most of his influence in the Army-McCarthy Hearings of 1954 (Bartlett n.p.). It is written in UXL Encyclopedia...

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