It happens often that individuals believe they are suffering through depression when in reality, they are simply feeling sad. Sadness is caused by an event that is happening in the moment in contrast to MDD (Major depressive disorder), when the individual is suffering through a constant feeling of mixed emotions for a long period of time. MDD is a mood disorder that causes one to feel constantly sad and lonely. It also causes a loss of interest in past hobbies and activities, and affects the way one feels, thinks and behaves. There are many symptoms and signs of MDD and they always come with a cause, but there are always diagnostics and preventions for this dreadful mood disorder.
It is important to understand the symptoms and the signs of someone who may be suffering through MDD. This will make it easy to distinguish who may need help, or more importantly, professional help. The most evident sign to someone with MDD is the feeling of constant sadness and emptiness. This can also include feeling guilty, and being preoccupied with past failures or events. Someone suffering through MDD may also have trouble sleeping and always feel tired, no matter the amount of sleep the night before. It is also possible for the individual to constantly oversleep. There will most likely always be a loss of interest in past hobbies or every-day activities such as school. Suija, Kalda and Maaroos explained after their study done in 2009 about how patients with depression self-evaluated themselves, that twenty four percent of depressed patients claimed that their social activities were factored by their health problems. Only fourteen percent of non-depressed patients agreed.
This table shows the results from their study. Sixteen percent of their non-depressed study population agreed that their health was very good whereas nine percent of their depressed population said their health was very good. This supports the fact that depression effects overall health and also the other areas studied by Suija, Kalda and Maaroos. Grades can be affected considering the person does not feel like they are worth anything, therefore will not try hard in school anymore. Changes in appetite are also common in a person with MDD whether it be weight loss or even weight gain (Mayo Clinic 2014). To someone who doesn’t have MDD, visible sings to watch in others are signs such as weight loss/gain, slow thinking, slow movements, low concentration, bad memory, suicidal indications and signs of anxiety. Watching for these signs will help signify who might need a hand and explain what could be the reasons they might be suffering through this major depressive disorder.
There are many different causes for MDD such as: biological, psychological and social factors. Biological influences include genetics and hormonal systems. It has been concluded that biological...